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Saturday, 30 January 2016

系统管理员资源大全

备份

备份软件
  • Amanda -客户端-服务器模型备份工具
  • Bacula - 另一个客户端-服务器模型备份工具
  • Backupninja -轻量级,可扩展的元数据备份系统
  • Backuppc -客户端-服务器模型备份工具和文件共享方案。
  • Burp -网络备份和还原程序
  • Duplicity -使用rsync算法加密的带宽-效率备份
  • Lsyncd -监控一个本地目录树的变化,然后产生一个进程去同步变化。默认使用rsync。
  • Rsnapshot -文件系统快照工具
  • SafeKeep -使用rdiff-backup,集中的,基于pull的备份
  • TarSnap - 具有一个开源客户端的安全备份服务
  • UrBackup -另一个客户端-服务器备份系统
  • DREBS - AWS EBS支持策略的备份脚本

克隆

克隆软件
  • Clonezilla -分区和磁盘镜像/克隆程序
  • Fog - 另一个计算机克隆解决方案
  • Redo Backup -简单的备份,恢复和还原

云计算

  • AppScale – 兼容Google App引擎的开源云计算软件.
  • Archipel -使用Libvirt管理和监视虚拟机
  • CloudStack -创建,管理和部署基础云服务的云计算软件
  • Cobbler -Cobbler是一个Linux安装服务器,允许快速地构建网络安装环境
  • Eucalyptus -兼容AWS的开源私有云软件
  • Mesos -开发和运行能效高的分布式系统。
  • OpenNebula -一个用于系统管理员和研发运维的用户驱动的云管理平台
  • OpenStack -构建私有和开放云的开源软件
  • The Foreman -Foreman是一个用于物理和虚拟服务器的全生命周期管理工具.FOSS.

云业务流程

  • BOSH -IaaS业务流程平台,最初用于部署和管理云计算平台PaaS,但也用于通用的分布式系统。
  • Cloudify -使用Python和YAML编写的开源TOSCA-based云业务流程软件平台。
  • Juju -云业务流程工具用于管理服务,比如charms,YAML配置和部署脚本集
  • MCollective -来自Puppet实验室的管理服务器业务流程和开发的Ruby框架
  • Overcast -在不同的云提供商上部署VMs,并在任何或所有(VM)上通过SSH并行运行命令行和脚本
  • Rundeck - 简单的业务流程工具
  • Salt -Python编写

云存储

  • git-annex assistant -在你的每一个OSX和Linux电脑,Android设备,可移动驱动,NAS电器和云服务上一个同步文件夹
  • ownCloud -提供你的文件的统一访问,通过web,你的电脑和你的移动设备
  • Seafile -另一个开源的云存储解决方案
  • SparkleShare -提供云存储和文件同步服务。它默认使用Git作为存储后端
  • Swift -一个高可用,分布式,最终一致的对象/大数据存储
  • Syncthing -一个用于私有,加密和身份认证数据的开源系统

代码审查

基于Web的协作式代码审查系统
  • Gerrit -基于Git版本控制,它促进软件开发人员审查源代码修改和批准或拒绝这些变更。
  • Review Board - 基于MIT License的可用自由软件

协作软件

协作软件和群件套件
  • Citadel/UX -协同套件(消息和群件)继承于Citadel家族程序
  • EGroupware -PHP编写的群件软件
  • Horde Groupware -基于PHP的协作软件套件,包括邮件,日历,wiki,时间跟踪和文件管理
  • Kolab - 另一个群件套件
  • SOGo - 协作软件服务器,专注简单性和可伸缩性
  • Zimbra -协作软件套件,包括邮件服务和web客户端

配置管理数据库

配置管理数据库(CMDB)软件
  • i-doit - 开源的IT文档管理和CMDB
  • iTop -一个完全开源的,ITIL,基于web的服务管理工具
  • Ralph -用于大型数据中心或较小本地网络的资产管理,DICM和CMDB系统
  • Clusto -帮助跟踪你的库存,在哪,如何连接,同时提供一个和基础架构元素交互的抽象接口

配置管理

配置管理工具
  • Ansible -Python编写的,通过SSH管理节点
  • CFEngine -轻量级代理系统。通过申明语言配置状态。
  • Chef -Rbuy和Erlang编写,使用纯RubyDSL
  • Fabric - Python库和cli工具,为应用程序部署或系统管理任务简化使用SSH。
  • Pallet -通过Clojure DSL进行架构定义,配置和管理
  • Puppet - Ruby编写,使用Puppet声明语言或Rbuy DSL
  • Salt - Python编写
  • Slaughter - Perl编写

持续继承和持续部署

持续集成/部署软件
  • Buildbot - 基于Python的持续集成工具
  • Drone - 构建在Docker,使用YAML文件配置的的持续集成服务器
  • GitLab CI -基于rbuy。他们也提供GitLab用于管理git存储库
  • Go - 开源的持续交付服务器
  • Jenkins - 一个可扩展的开源持续集成服务器
  • Vlad the Deployer -自动化部署

分布式文件系统

网络分布式文件系统
  • Ceph -分布式对象存储和文件系统
  • DRBD -分布式块设备复制
  • LeoFS -非结构化对象/数据存储和高可用性,分布,最终一致的存储系统。
  • GlusterFS - 可扩展,网络附加存储文件系统。
  • HDFS - Java编写的,用于Hadoop框架的分布式、可伸缩、可移植文件系统
  • Lustre -一种并行分布式文件系统,一般用于大规模集群计算。
  • MooseFS - 容错、网络分布式文件系统。
  • MogileFS -应用程序级别、网络分布式文件系统。
  • OpenAFS -只读副本和多操作系统支持的分布式网络文件系统
  • TahoeLAFS -安全、分散、容错、点对点分布式数据存储和分布式文件系统。
  • XtreemFS -XtreemFS是一个用于存储需求的容错式分布式文件系统。

DNS

DNS服务器
  • Bind -最广泛使用的域名服务软件
  • djbdns -DNS应用集合,包括tinydns
  • Designate - DNS REST API,支持多种DNS服务器的后端
  • dnsmasq -为小规模网络提供DNS,DHCP和TFTP服务的轻量级服务
  • Knot - 高性能,权威的DNS服务器
  • NSD - 权威的、高性能的、简单的域名服务器。
  • PowerDNS -具有各种数据存储后端和负载平衡功能的DNS服务器。
  • Unbound - 验证、递归和缓存DNS解析器。
  • Yadifa - 具有DNSSEC兼容的轻量级的权威域名服务器,支持.eu的顶级域名。

主机控制面板

Web主机控制面板
  • Ajenti -Linux和BSD控制面板
  • Feathur - VPS供应和管理软件
  • ISPConfig -Linux主机控制面板
  • VestaCP -用于Linux和Nginx的主机面板
  • Virtualmin -基于webmin的Linux控制面板
  • ZPanel -Linux BSD和Windows控制面板

IMAP/POP3

IMAP/POP3邮件服务器
  • Courier IMAP/POP3 -快速,可伸缩,企业级IMAP和POP3服务器
  • Cyrus IMAP/POP3 -运行在密封服务器上,普通用户不允许登录。
  • Dovecot -主要考虑安全而编写的IMAP和POP3服务器
  • Qpopper - 一个古老且流行的POP3服务器实现

IT资产管理

IT资产管理软件
  • GLPI -带有额外管理接口的信息资源管理器
  • OCS Inventory NG -允许用户清算IT资产
  • RackTables -数据中心和服务器房间资产,比如将硬件资产,网络地址,在货架空间,网络配置文档化。
  • Ralph - 针对大型数据中心系统以及小型局域网网络的资产管理、DCIM和CMDB。
  • Snipe IT -资产和许可证管理软件

LDAP

LDAP服务器

日志管理

日志管理工具:收集,解析,可视化
  • Elasticsearch - 一个基于Lucene的文档存储,主要用于日志索引、存储和分析。
  • Fluentd - 日志收集和发出
  • Flume -分布式日志收集和聚合系统
  • Graylog2 -具有报警选项的可插入日志和事件分析服务器
  • Heka -流处理系统,可用于日志聚合
  • Kibana - 可视化日志和时间戳数据
  • Logstash -管理事件和日志的工具
  • Octopussy -日志管理解决方案(可视化/报警/报告)

监控

监控软件
  • Cacti -基于Web的网络监控和图形工具
  • Cabot - 监控和报警,类似PagerDuty
  • check_mk -Nagios的扩展集合
  • Dash -一个用于GNU/Linux机器的低开销web仪表板监控。
  • Icinga - Nagios分支
  • LibreNMS - Observium分支
  • Monit - 管理和监控Unix系统的小型开源工具
  • Munin -网络资源监控工具
  • Naemon -基于Nagios4内核的网络监控工具,具有性能加强和新功能
  • Nagios -计算机系统,网络和基础架构监控软件
  • Observium -服务器和网络设备的SNMP监控,运行在linux
  • OMD -开放的监控分布
  • Opsview -基于Nagios4,Opsview核心,用于小型IT和测试环境
  • Riemann -灵活和快速的事件处理器,允许负责时间和度量分析
  • Sensu -开源的监控框架
  • Sentry - 应用监控,事件记录和聚合
  • Shinken - 另一个监控框架
  • Thruk - 多后台监控的web接口,支持Naemon,Nagios,Icinga和Shinken
  • Xymon -灵感来自Big Brother的网络监控
  • Zabbix - Enterprise-class software for monitoring of networks and applications.
  • Zabbix - 监控网络和应用的企业级软件
  • Zenoss -基于Zope的应用,服务器和网络管理平台

度量和度量收集

度量收集和显示软件
  • Collectd -系统统计收集守护进程
  • Collectl -高精度系统性能指标收集工具。
  • Dashing -Ruby gem,允许快速统计仪表板的开发。基于HTML5,允许在数据中心或会议室进行大屏幕显示。
  • Diamond -基于Python的统计收集守护进程
  • Ganglia - 基于RRD用于网格和/或集群的服务器的高性能、可伸缩监控设备。兼容Graphite,使用一个单一的收集进程。
  • Grafana -一个Graphite或InfluxDB仪表盘和图形编辑器
  • 开源的可伸缩绘图服务器
  • InfluxDB -开源的分布式时间序列数据库,没有外部依赖。
  • KairosDB -快速分布式可扩展的时间序列数据库,OpenTSDB 1. x的分支。
  • OpenTSDB -存储和服务大量的时间序列数据,不丢失粒度。
  • RRDtool - 开源企业标准,用于时间序列数据的高性能数据记录和绘图系统
  • Statsd -应用统计监听

网络配置管理

网络配置管理工具
  • GestióIP -一个自动的基于web的IPV4/IPV6地址管理工具
  • RANCID -监控网络设备配置和维护历史变更
  • rConfig -另一个网络配置管理工具

时事通讯

时事通讯软件
  • DadaMail -Perl编写的邮件列表管理器
  • phpList -PHP编写的时事通讯管理器

NOSQL

NOSQL数据库
  • 列族
    • Apache HBase - Hadoop数据库,一个分布式的大数据存储
    • Cassandra -分布式数据库管理系统,设计用于处理大量数据跨多个服务器。
    • Hypertable -基于c++的bigtable DBMS,节省通信,可独立或在Hadoop类似的分布式FS上运行。
  • 文档存储
    • CouchDB -易于使用,多主机复制的面向文档的数据库系统。
    • ElasticSearch - 基于Java的数据库,受欢迎的日志聚合,和电子邮件归档项目。
    • MongoDB - 另一个面向文档的数据库系统
    • RavenDB - 具有ACID/事物功能的基于文档的数据库
    • RethinkDB -开源分布式文档存储数据库,关注JSON
    • FlockDB -Twitter分布式,容错图数据库
    • Neo4j - 开源图数据库
  • 键值
    • LevelDB -Google高性能键值数据库
    • Redis - 支持网络,基于内存,键值,亦可持久化数据库
    • Riak -另一个容错的键值NoSQL数据库

打包

  • fpm - 万能的多格式包创建器
  • omnibus-ruby - 全栈,跨发行版的包管理软件(Ruby)
  • packman -全栈,跨发行版的包管理软件(Python)
  • tito - 为git项目构建RPM

队列

  • BeanstalkD - A simple, fast work queue.
  • BeanstalkD - 一个简单快速的工作队列
  • Gearman -快速的多语言队列或任务处理平台
  • NSQ - 实时分发的消息平台
  • RabbitMQ -健壮的,全功能,跨发行版的队列系统
  • ZeroMQ -轻量级队列系统

RDBMS

关系数据库管理系统
  • Firebird - 真正的全球开源数据库
  • Galera -Galera MySQL集群是一个易于使用的高可用性解决方案,具有很高的系统正常运行时间,没有数据丢失,为未来的增长提供可伸缩性。
  • MariaDB -MySQL的社区开发分支
  • MySQL - 非常流行的RDBMS服务器
  • Percona Server -增强的,可替换MySQL
  • PostgreSQL - 对象关系数据库管理系统(ORDBMS)
  • PostgreSQL-XL - 基于PostgreSQL的可伸缩开源数据库集群
  • SQLite -自包容,弱服务器,零配置,支持事务的SQL DBS实现库

安全

安全工具
  • Denyhosts -阻止SSH字典攻击和暴力攻击
  • Fail2Ban - 扫描日志文件,并对具有恶意行为显示的IP采取措施
  • SpamAssassin -一个强大的和受欢迎的垃圾邮件过滤器,它采用多种检测技术。

服务发现

  • Consul - Consule是伊戈尔服务发现,监控和配置的工具
  • Doozerd - Doozer是一个高可用,完全一致的存储,用于少量非常重要的数据
  • ZooKeeper - ZooKeeper是一个集中的服务,用于维护配置信息,命名,提供分布式同步和组服务

SMTP

SMTP服务器
  • Exim -由剑桥大学开发的消息传输代理(MTA)
  • Haraka - 用JavaScirpt编写的高性能,可插入的SMTP服务器
  • MailCatcher -Ruby gem部署一个简单的SMTP MTA网关,接收所有邮件并在web接口显示。对调试和开发有用。
  • Maildrop -开源的一次性邮件服务器,对开发也很有用
  • OpenSMTPD -从OpenBSD项目实现的安全的SMTP服务器
  • Postfix - 快速,易于管理和安全的Sendmail替代品
  • Qmail - 安全的Sendmail替代品
  • Sendmail -消息传输代理(MTA)

软件容器

操作系统级别的虚拟化
  • Bitnami -为web应用,开发栈和虚拟设备生产开源软件安装器或软件包
  • Docker - 给开发者和系统管理员构建,发布和运行分布式应用程序的开放平台
  • OpenVZ -Linux平台基于容器的虚拟化

SSH

SSH工具
  • autossh -网络中断后自动复位ssh会话。
  • Cluster SSH -通过一个图形化控制台控制多个xterm窗口。
  • DSH -Dancer的shell/分布式shell-从一个命令行包装执行多个远程shell命令。
  • Mosh - 移动shell
  • parallel-ssh -提供并行的OpenSSH版本和相关工具
  • SSH Power Tool -不使用pre-shared钥匙的情况下对多个服务器同时执行命令和上传文件

统计

分析软件
  • Analog - 世界上最流行的日志分析工具
  • GoAccess -在终端运行的开源的实时web日志分析和交互视图
  • Piwik -免费和开源的web分析应用
  • Webalizer - F快速免费的web服务器日志文件分析程序

工单系统

基于web的工单系统
  • Bugzilla -由Mozilla项目开发和使用过的通用缺陷跟踪和测试工具
  • Cerb - 基于商业开源许可的基于组的邮件管理项目
  • Flyspray - 使用PHP编写的缺陷跟踪系统
  • MantisBT -另一个基于web的缺陷跟踪系统
  • osTicket -开源的技术支持工单系统
  • Otrs -免费和开源故障通知单系统软件包,公司,组织,或其他实体可以使用它来基于询问分配工单并跟踪进一步的沟通。
  • Request Tracker -使用Perl编写的工单跟踪系统
  • TheBugGenie -开源的工单系统,具有非常完备的用户权限分配

故障排除

故障排除工具
  • mitmproxy -ython工具,用于拦截,查看和修改网络流量。在排除某些问题是非常重要的。
  • Sysdig -从一个运行的linux实例上捕获系统状态和活动,之后保存,过滤和分析
  • Wireshark -世界上著名的网络协议分析工具

项目管理

基于web的项目管理和缺陷跟踪系统

版本控制

软件版本和版本控制
  • Fossil -分布式版本控制,内建wiki和缺陷跟踪
  • Git -速度很快的分布式版本控制和源代码管理
  • GNU Bazaar -由Cannoicalzi赞助的分布式版本控制系统
  • Mercurial -另一个版本控制
  • Subversion -客户端-服务器版本控制系统

虚拟化

虚拟化软件
  • Ganeti -在KVM和Xen上构建的集群虚拟服务器管理软件
  • KVM -Linux内核虚拟化架构
  • oVirt -管理虚拟机,存储和虚拟网络
  • Packer - 从单个源配置为多个平台创建相同的机器镜像
  • Vagrant - 创建完整开发环境的工具
  • VirtualBox -来自Oracle公司的虚拟化产品
  • Xen -用于32/64位Intel/AMD(IA 64)和PowerPC 970架构的虚拟机监控器

VPN

VPN软件
  • OpenVPN -使用一个定制的安全密钥交换协议,利用SSL / TLS。
  • Pritunl -基于OpenVPN的方案,易于设置
  • SoftEther - 具有高级特性的多协议VPN软件
  • sshuttle -穷人的VPN
  • strongSwan - Linux下完整的IPsec实现
  • tinc -分布式点对点VPN

XMPP

XMPP服务器

Webmails

Webmail应用
  • Mailpile - A modern, fast web-mail client with user-friendly encryption and privacy features.
  • Mailpile - 一个先进,快速的web-mail客户端,具有用户友好的加密的私有个性
  • Roundcube - Browser-based IMAP client with an application-like user interface.
  • Roundcube - 基于浏览器的IMAP客户端,具有应用类似的用户界面

Web

Web服务器
  • Apache -最流行的web服务器
  • Cherokee -轻量级,高性能的web服务器/反向代理
  • Lighttpd - speed-critical环境下更优化的web服务器
  • Nginx -反向代理,负载均衡器,HTTP缓存和web服务器
  • uWSGI -uWSGI项目,目标在开发一个构建主机服务的全栈
Web性能
  • HAProxy - 负载均衡,SSL卸载和性能优化,压缩和通用web路由
  • Varnish -基于HTTP的web应用加速器,关注内存优化和压缩

Wikis

Wiki软件
  • DokuWiki -使用简单和高度通用的wiki,这并不需要一个数据库。
  • Gollum - 一个简单,Git-powered wiki,具有不错的API和本地前端。
  • ikiwiki -一个wiki编译器
  • Mediawiki -加强Wikipedia
  • MoinMoin -一个高级的易用的扩展性强的Wiki引擎,具有大量的社区用户TiddlyWiki - JavaScript的完整交互wiki

资源

各种资源,比如书籍,网站和文章,用于提升技能和知识

博客

书籍

Sysadmin相关书籍

编辑器

开源的代码编辑器
  • Atom -来自Github的文本编辑器
  • Brackets - 用于web设计和前端开发的开源代码编辑器
  • Eclipse - 用Java编写的IDE,具有可扩展的插件系统
  • Geany -GTK2文本编辑器
  • GNU Emacs -一个可扩展,自定义的文本编辑器
  • Haroopad -Markdown编辑器,具有实时预览
  • ICEcoder -非常棒的代码编辑器,内建常见的web语言
  • jotgit -Git支持的实时协作代码编辑
  • Light Table - 下一代代码编辑器
  • Lime -旨在提供一个Sublime Text的开源替代方案
  • TextMate -OS X下的图形文本编辑器
  • Vim -一个高可配置的文本编辑器,用于高效编辑

时事通讯

  • Servers for Hackers - 程序员的时事通讯,发现他们需要知道的服务器相关内容。

存储

软件包存储
  • Dotdeb - Debian下LAMP更新包的存储
  • Remi - RHEL/Centos/Fedora下LAMP更新包的存储

网站

有用的系统管理员相关的网站
  • Ops School - 全面的计划,将帮助你成为一名运维工程师。
  • Digital Ocean Tutorials - 一个非常庞大资源,获得基本的应用程序,工具,甚至是系统管理主题。

贡献

请看 贡献详情。
-----------
英文原文:

Table of Contents

Backups

Backup software.
  • Amanda - Client-server model backup tool.
  • Attic - A deduplicating backup program written in Python.
  • Bacula - Another Client-server model backup tool.
  • Bareos - A fork of Bacula backup tool.
  • Backupninja - Lightweight, extensible meta-backup system.
  • Backuppc - Client-server model backup tool with file pooling scheme.
  • Brebis - A fully automated backup checker.
  • Bup - Incremental backups with rolling checksums, git packfiles, de-duplication, and a FUSE filesystem.
  • Burp - Network backup and restore program.
  • Duplicity - Encrypted bandwidth-efficient backup using the rsync algorithm.
  • FreeFileSync - Folder comparison and synchronization tool.
  • Lsyncd - File Monitor which spawns a process to synchronize the changes (rsync by default).
  • Rsnapshot - Filesystem Snapshotting Utility.
  • SafeKeep - Centralized pull-based backup using rdiff-backup.
  • Snebu – Snapshot backup with global multi-client deduplication and transparent compression.
  • UrBackup - Another client-server backup system.
  • ZBackup - A versatile deduplicating backup tool.
Backup libraries.
  • Backup - Provides an elegant DSL in Ruby for performing backups on UNIX-like systems.
  • DREBS - AWS EBS backup script that supports strategies.

Build Automation

Build automation tools.
  • Apache Ant - Automation build tool, similar to make, written in Java.
  • Apache Maven - Build automation tool mainly for Java.
  • GNU Make - The most popular automation build tool for many purposes.
  • Gradle - Another open source build automation system.

ChatOps

Conversation-driven development & management.
  • CloudBot - The simple, fast, expandable, open-source Python IRC bot.
  • Eggdrop - The world's most popular Open Source IRC bot, designed for flexibility and ease of use.
  • Err - A plugin based chatbot designed to be easily deployable, extensible and maintainable.
  • Hubot - A customizable, life embetterment robot.
  • Lazlo - A chatops automation framework in Go.
  • Lita - A robot companion for your company's chat room.

Cloning

Cloning software.
  • Clonezilla - Partition and disk imaging/cloning program.
  • Fog - Another computer cloning solution.
  • Redo Backup - Easy Backup, Recovery and Restore.

Cloud Computing

  • AppScale - Open source cloud software with Google App Engine compatibility.
  • Archipel - Manage and supervise virtual machines using Libvirt.
  • CloudStack - Cloud computing software for creating, managing, and deploying infrastructure cloud services.
  • Cobbler - Cobbler is a Linux installation server that allows for rapid setup of network installation environments.
  • Eucalyptus - Open source private cloud software with AWS compatibility.
  • Mesos - Develop and run resource-efficient distributed systems.
  • OpenNebula - An user-driven cloud management platform for sysadmins and devops.
  • Openshift Origin - Open source upstream of OpenShift, the next generation application hosting platform developed by Red Hat.
  • OpenStack - Open source software for building private and public clouds.
  • The Foreman - Foreman is a complete lifecycle management tool for physical and virtual servers. FOSS.
  • Tsuru - Tsuru is an extensible and open source Platform as a Service software.

Cloud Orchestration

  • BOSH - IaaS orchestration platform originally written for deploying and managing Cloud Foundry PaaS, but also useful for general purpose distributed systems.
  • Cloudify - Open source TOSCA-based cloud orchestration software platform written in Python and YAML.
  • consul - It is a tool for discovering and configuring services in your infrastructure.
  • doozerd - Doozer is a highly-available, completely consistent store for small amounts of extremely important data.
  • etcd - A highly-available key value store for shared configuration and service discovery.
  • Juju - Cloud orechestration tool which manages services as charms, YAML configuration and deployment script bundles.
  • MCollective - Ruby framework to manage server orchestration, developed by Puppet labs.
  • Overcast - Deploy VMs across different cloud providers, and run commands and scripts across any or all of them in parallel via SSH.
  • Rundeck - Simple orchestration tool.
  • Salt - Fast, scalable and flexible systems management software written in Python/ZeroMQ.
  • serf - Serf is a tool for cluster membership.
  • StackStorm - Event Driven Operations and ChatOps platform for infrastructure management. Written in Python.
  • zookeeper - ZooKeeper is a centralized service for maintaining configuration information, naming, providing distributed synchronization, and providing group services.

Cloud Storage

  • git-annex assistant - A synchronised folder on each of your OSX and Linux computers, Android devices, removable drives, NAS appliances, and cloud services.
  • ownCloud - Provides universal access to your files via the web, your computer or your mobile devices.
  • Seafile - Another Open Source Cloud Storage solution.
  • SparkleShare - Provides cloud storage and file synchronization services. By default, it uses Git as a storage backend.
  • Swift - A highly available, distributed, eventually consistent object/blob store.
  • Syncthing - Open Source system for private, encrypted and authenticated distribution of data.

Code Review

Web Based collaborative code review system.
  • Gerrit - Based on the Git version control, it facilitates software developers to review modifications to the source code and approve or reject those changes.
  • Phabricator - Code review tool build by facebook and used by WikiMedia, FB, dropbox etc. Comes with an integrated wiki, bug tracker, VC integration and a CLI tool called arcanist.
  • Review Board - Web-based collaborative code review tool.

Collaborative Software

Collaborative software or groupware suites.
  • Citadel/UX - Collaboration suite (messaging and groupware) that is descended from the Citadel family of programs.
  • EGroupware - Groupware software written in PHP.
  • Horde Groupware - PHP based collaborative software suite that includes email, calendars, wikis, time tracking and file management.
  • Kolab - Another groupware suite.
  • SOGo - Collaborative software server with a focus on simplicity and scalability.
  • Zimbra - Collaborative software suite, that includes an email server and web client.

Configuration Management Database

Configuration management database (CMDB) software.
  • Clusto - Helps you keep track of your inventory, where it is, how it's connected, and provides an abstracted interface for interacting with the elements of the infrastructure.
  • Collins - At Tumblr, it's the infrastructure source of truth and knowledge.
  • i-doit - Open Source IT Documentation and CMDB.
  • iTop - Complete open source, ITIL, web based service management tool.
  • Ralph - Asset management, DCIM and CMDB system for large Data Centers as well as smaller LAN networks.
  • Sicekit - The systems & infrastructure encyclopaedia toolkit (based on mediawiki).

Configuration Management

Configuration management tools.
  • Ansible - It's written in Python and manages the nodes over SSH.
  • CFEngine - Lightweight agent system. Configuration state is specified via a declarative language.
  • Chef - It's written in Ruby and Erlang and uses a pure-Ruby DSL.
  • Pallet - Infrastructure definition, configuration and management via a Clojure DSL.
  • Puppet - It's written in Ruby and uses Puppet's declarative language or a Ruby DSL.
  • (R)?ex - It's written in Perl and use plain Perl, over SSH without agent.
  • Salt - It's written in Python.
  • Slaughter - It's written in Perl.

Continuous Integration & Continuous Deployment

Continuous integration/deployment software.
  • Buildbot - Python-based toolkit for continuous integration.
  • Drone - Continuous integration server built on Docker and configured using YAML files.
  • GitLab CI - Based off of ruby. They also provide GitLab, which manages git repositories.
  • Go - Open source continuous delivery server.
  • Jenkins - An extendable open source continuous integration server.

Control Panels

Web hosting and server control panels.
  • Ajenti - Control panel for Linux and BSD.
  • Cockpit - New multi-server web interface for Linux servers written in C.
  • Feathur - VPS Provisioning and Management Software.
  • Froxlor - Easy to use panel for Linux with Nginx and PHP-FPM support.
  • ISPConfig - Hosting control panel for Linux.
  • Sentora - Control panel for Linux, BSD, and Windows based on ZPanel.
  • VestaCP - Hosting panel for Linux but with Nginx.
  • Virtualmin - Control panel for Linux based on webmin.
  • Webmin - Linux server control panel.
  • ZPanel - Control panel for Linux, BSD, and Windows.

Deployment Automation

Tools and scripts to support deployments to your servers.
  • Capistrano - Deploy your application to any number of machines simultaneously, in sequence or as a rolling set via SSH (rake based).
  • Fabric - Python library and cli tool for streamlining the use of SSH for application deployment or systems administration tasks.
  • Mina - Really fast deployer and server automation tool (rake based).
  • Rocketeer - PHP task runner and deployment tool.
  • Vlad the Deployer - Deployment automation (rake based).

Distributed Filesystems

Network distributed filesystems.
  • Ceph - Distributed object store and file system.
  • DRBD - Distributed Replicated Block Device.
  • LeoFS - Unstructured object/data storage and a highly available, distributed, eventually consistent storage system.
  • GlusterFS - Scale-out network-attached storage file system.
  • HDFS - Distributed, scalable, and portable file-system written in Java for the Hadoop framework.
  • Lustre - A type of parallel distributed file system, generally used for large-scale cluster computing.
  • MooseFS - Fault tolerant, network distributed file system.
  • MogileFS - Application level, network distributed file system.
  • OpenAFS - Distributed network file system with read-only replicas and multi-OS support.
  • TahoeLAFS - secure, decentralized, fault-tolerant, peer-to-peer distributed data store and distributed file system.
  • XtreemFS - XtreemFS is a fault-tolerant distributed file system for all storage needs.

DNS

DNS servers.
  • Bind - The most widely used name server software.
  • djbdns - A collection of DNS applications, including tinydns.
  • Designate - DNS REST API that support several DNS servers as its backend.
  • dnsmasq - A lightweight service providing DNS, DHCP and TFTP services to small-scale networks.
  • Knot - High performance authoritative-only DNS server.
  • NSD - Authoritative only, high performance, simple name server.
  • PowerDNS - DNS server with a variety of data storage back-ends and load balancing features.
  • Unbound - Validating, recursive, and caching DNS resolver.
  • Yadifa - Lightweight authoritative Name Server with DNSSEC capabilities powering the .eu top-level domain.

Editors

Open source code editors.
  • Atom - A hackable text editor from Github.
  • Brackets - Open source code editor for web designers and front-end developers.
  • Eclipse - IDE written in Java with an extensible plug-in system.
  • Geany - GTK2 text editor.
  • GNU Emacs - An extensible, customizable text editor-and more.
  • Haroopad - Markdown editor with live preview.
  • ICEcoder - Code editor awesomeness, built with common web languages.
  • jotgit - Git-backed real-time collaborative code editing.
  • Light Table - The next generation code editor.
  • Lime - Aims to provide an open source solution to Sublime Text
  • TextMate - A graphical text editor for OS X.
  • Vim - A highly configurable text editor built to enable efficient editing.

IT Asset Management

IT Assets Management software.
  • GLPI - Information Resource-Manager with an additional Administration Interface.
  • OCS Inventory NG - Enables users to inventory their IT assets.
  • RackTables - Datacenter and server room asset management like document hardware assets, network addresses, space in racks, networks configuration.
  • Ralph - Asset management, DCIM and CMDB system for large Data Centers as well as smaller LAN networks.
  • Snipe IT - Asset & license management software.

LDAP

LDAP servers.
LDAP management

Log Management

Log management tools: collect, parse, visualize ...
  • Echofish - A web based real-time event log aggregation, analysis, monitoring and management system.
  • Elasticsearch - A Lucene Based Document store mainly used for log indexing, storage and analysis.
  • Fluentd - Log Collector and Shipper.
  • Flume - Distributed log collection and aggregation system.
  • Graylog2 - Pluggable Log and Event Analysis Server with Alerting options.
  • Heka - Stream processing system which may be used for log aggregation.
  • Kibana - Visualize logs and time-stamped data.
  • Logstash - Tool for managing events and logs.
  • Octopussy - Log Management Solution (Visualize / Alert / Report).

Mail Servers

Mail Delivery Agents (IMAP/POP3 software).
  • Courier IMAP/POP3 - Fast, scalable, enterprise IMAP and POP3 server.
  • Cyrus IMAP/POP3 - Intended to be run on sealed servers, where normal users are not permitted to log in.
  • Dovecot - IMAP and POP3 server written primarily with security in mind.
  • Qpopper - One of the oldest and most popular server implementations of POP3.
Mail Transfer Agents (SMTP servers).
  • Exim - Message transfer agent (MTA) developed at the University of Cambridge.
  • Haraka - A high-performance, pluginable SMTP server written in JavaScript.
  • MailCatcher - Ruby gem that deploys a simply SMTP MTA gateway that accepts all mail and displays in web interface. Useful for debugging or development.
  • Maildrop - Open Source disposable email SMTP server, also useful for development.
  • OpenSMTPD - Secure SMTP server implementation from the OpenBSD project.
  • Postfix - Fast, easy to administer, and secure Sendmail replacement.
  • Qmail - Secure Sendmail replacement.
  • Sendmail - Message transfer agent (MTA).
Complete solutions.
  • Mail-in-a-Box - Take back control of your email with this easy-to-deploy mail server in a box.
  • iRedMail - Full-featured mail server solution based on Postfix and Dovecot.

Messaging

XMPP servers.
  • ejabberd - XMPP instant messaging server written in Erlang/OTP.
  • Metronome IM - Fork of Prosody IM.
  • MongooseIM - Fork of ejabberd.
  • Openfire - Real time collaboration (RTC) server.
  • Prosody IM - XMPP server written in Lua.
  • Tigase - XMPP server implementation in Java.
XMPP web clients.
  • Candy - Multi user XMPP client written in Javascript.
  • Kaiwa - Web based chat client in the style of common paid alternatives.
Webchats.
  • Lets-Chat - A self hosted chat suite written in Node.

Monitoring

Monitoring software.
  • Alerta - Distributed, scaleable and flexible monitoring system.
  • Cacti - Web-based network monitoring and graphing tool.
  • Cabot - Monitoring and alerts, similar to PagerDuty.
  • Centreon - IT infrastructure and application monitoring for service performance.
  • check_mk - Collection of extensions for Nagios.
  • Flapjack - Monitoring notification routing & event processing system.
  • Icinga - Fork of Nagios.
  • LibreNMS - fork of Observium.
  • Monit - Small Open Source utility for managing and monitoring Unix systems.
  • Munin - Networked resource monitoring tool.
  • Naemon - Network monitoring tool based on the Nagios 4 core with performance enhancements and new features.
  • Nagios - Computer system, network and infrastructure monitoring software application.
  • Node-Bell - Real-time anomalies detection for periodic time series, metrics monitor.
  • Observium - SNMP monitoring for servers and networking devices. Runs on linux.
  • Opsview - Based on Nagios 4, Opsview Core is ideal for small IT and test environments.
  • Riemann - Flexible and fast events processor allowing complex events/metrics analysis.
  • Sensu - Open source monitoring framework.
  • Sentry - Application monitoring, event logging and aggregation.
  • Seyren - An alerting dashboard for Graphite.
  • Shinken - Another monitoring framework.
  • Xymon - Network monitoring inspired by Big Brother.
  • Zabbix - Enterprise-class software for monitoring of networks and applications.
  • Zenoss - Application, server, and network management platform based on Zope.
Monitoring dashboards.
  • Adagios - Web based Nagios configuration interface.
  • Dash - A low-overhead monitoring web dashboard for a GNU/Linux machine.
  • Thruk - Multibackend monitoring web interface with support for Naemon, Nagios, Icinga and Shinken.
  • Uchiwa - Simple dashboard for the Sensu monitoring framework.
Monitoring distributions.
  • OMD - The Open Monitoring Distribution.

Metric & Metric Collection

Metric gathering and display software.
  • Collectd - System statistic collection daemon.
  • Collectl - High precision system performance metrics collecting tool.
  • Dashing - Ruby gem that allows for rapid statistical dashboard development. An all HTML5 approach allows for big screen displays in data centers or conference rooms.
  • Diamond - Python based statistic collection daemon.
  • Facette - Time series data visualization and graphing software written in Go.
  • Freeboard - A damn-sexy front-end real-time dashboard. Transforms raw JSON into delicious UI.
  • Ganglia - High performance, scalable RRD based monitoring for grids and/or clusters of servers. Compatible with Graphite using a single collection process.
  • Grafana - A Graphite & InfluxDB Dashboard and Graph Editor.
  • Graphite - Open source scalable graphing server.
  • InfluxDB - Open source distributed time series database with no external dependencies.
  • KairosDB - Fast distributed scalable time series database, fork of OpenTSDB 1.x.
  • OpenTSDB - Store and server massive amounts of time series data without losing granularity.
  • Packetbeat - Captures network traffic and displays it in a custom Kibana dashboard for easy viewing.
  • Prometheus - Service monitoring system and time series database.
  • RRDtool - Open source industry standard, high performance data logging and graphing system for time series data.
  • Statsd - Application statistic listener.

Network Configuration Management

Network configuration management tools.
  • GestióIP - An automated web based IPv4/IPv6 IP Address Management tool.
  • NOC Project - Scalable, high-performance and open-source OSS system for ISP, service and content providers.
  • Oxidized - A modern take on network device configuration monitoring with web interface and GIT storage.
  • RANCID - Monitors network device's configuration and maintain history of changes.
  • rConfig - Another network device configuration management tool.
  • trigger - Robust network automation toolkit written in Python.

Newsletters

Newsletter software.
  • DadaMail - Mailing List Manager, written in Perl.
  • phpList - Newsletter manager written in PHP.

NoSQL

Column-Family.
  • Apache HBase - Hadoop database, a distributed, big data store.
  • Cassandra - Distributed DBMS designed to handle large amounts of data across many servers.
  • Hypertable - C++ based BigTable-like DBMS, communicates through Thrift and runs either as stand-alone or on distributed FS such as Hadoop.
Document Store.
  • CouchDB - Ease of use, with multi-master replication document-oriented database system.
  • ElasticSearch - Java based database, popular with log aggregation, and email archiving projects.
  • MongoDB - Another document-oriented database system.
  • RavenDB - Document based database with ACID/Transactional features.
  • RethinkDB - Open source distributed document store database, focuses on JSON.
Graph.
  • FlockDB - Twitter's distributed, fault-tolerant graph database.
  • Neo4j - Open source graph database.
    • Key-Value
  • LevelDB - Google's high performance key/value database.
  • Redis - Networked, in-memory, key-value data store with optional durability.
  • Riak - Another fault-tolerant key-value NoSQL database.

Packaging

  • fpm - Versatile multi format package creator.
  • omnibus-ruby - Full stack, cross distro packaging software (Ruby).
  • packman - Full stack, cross distro packaging software (Python).
  • tito - Builds RPMs for git-based projects.

Queuing

Queuing software.
  • ActiveMQ - An open source message broker written in Java together with a full JMS client.
  • BeanstalkD - A simple, fast work queue.
  • Gearman - Fast multi-language queuing/job processing platform.
  • Kafka - A high-throughput distributed messaging system.
  • NSQ - A realtime distributed messaging platform.
  • RabbitMQ - Robust, fully featured, cross distro queuing system.
Queuing libraries.
  • ZeroMQ - High-performance asynchronous messaging library.

RDBMS

Relational DBMS.
  • Firebird - True universal open source database.
  • Galera - Galera Cluster for MySQL is an easy-to-use high-availability solution with high system up-time, no data loss, and scalability for future growth.
  • MariaDB - Community-developed fork of the MySQL.
  • MySQL - Most popular RDBMS server.
  • Percona Server - Enhanced, drop-in MySQL replacement.
  • PostgreSQL - Object-relational database management system (ORDBMS).
  • PostgreSQL-XL - Scalable Open Source PostgreSQL-based database cluster.
  • SQLite - Library that implements a self-contained, serverless, zero-configuration, transactional SQL DBS.

Security

Security tools.
  • Blackbox - Safely store secrets in Git/Mercurial. Provides tooling to automatically encrypt secrets like passwords.
  • Denyhosts - Thwart SSH dictionary based attacks and brute force attacks.
  • Fail2Ban - Scans log files and takes action on IPs that show malicious behavior.
  • fwknop - Protects ports via Single Packet Authorization in your firewall.
  • Glastopf - A low-interaction web application honeypot to emulate vulnerabilities and gather attack data.
  • Kippo - A medium-interaction SSH honeypot, mostly used as a standalone SSH daemon with a configurable Filesystem sandbox.
  • OSSEC - OSSEC is a HIDS that performs log analysis, FIM, rootkit detection, and much more.
  • OSQuery - Query your servers status and info using a SQL like interface.
  • pfSense - Firewall and Router FreeBSD distribution.
  • Snort - Snort is a free and open source network intrusion prevention system (NIPS) and network intrusion detection system (NIDS) created by Martin Roesch in 1998.
  • SpamAssassin - A powerful and popular email spam filter employing a variety of detection technique.

Service Discovery

  • Consul - Consul is a tool for service discovery, monitoring and configuration.
  • Doozerd - Doozer is a highly-available, completely consistent store for small amounts of extremely important data.
  • ZooKeeper - ZooKeeper is a centralized service for maintaining configuration information, naming, providing distributed synchronization, and providing group services.

Software Containers

Operating system–level virtualization.
  • Bitnami - Produces open source installers or software packages for web applications and development stacks as well as virtual appliances.
  • Docker - Open platform for developers and sysadmins to build, ship, and run distributed applications.
  • LXC - Userspace interface for the Linux kernel containment features.
  • OpenVZ - Container-based virtualization for Linux.
  • Fig - Fast, isolated development environments using Docker.

SSH

SSH tools.
  • Advanced SSH config - Enhances ssh_config file capabilities, completely transparent.
  • autossh - Automatically respawn ssh session after network interruption.
  • Cluster SSH - Controls a number of xterm windows via a single graphical console.
  • DSH - Dancer's shell / distributed shell - Wrapper for executing multiple remote shell commands from one command line.
  • Mosh - The mobile shell.
  • parallel-ssh - Provides parallel versions of OpenSSH and related tools.
  • pdsh - Pdsh is a high-performance, parallel remote shell utility.
  • SSH Power Tool - Execute commands and upload files to many servers simultaneously without using pre-shared keys.
  • sshrc - sources ~/.sshrc on your local computer after logging in remotely.
  • stormssh - A command line tool to manage SSH connections.

Statistics

Analytics software.
  • Analog - Logfile Analyser.
  • AWStats - Generates web, streaming, ftp or mail server statistics graphically.
  • GoAccess - Real-time web log analyzer and interactive viewer that runs in a terminal.
  • Open Web Analytics - Add web analytics to websites using JS, PHP or REST APIs.
  • Piwik - Web analytics application.
  • Webalizer - Fast, free web server log file analysis program.

Status Pages

  • Cachet - An open source status page system written in PHP.

Ticketing systems

Web-based ticketing system.
  • Bugzilla - General-purpose bugtracker and testing tool originally developed and used by the Mozilla project.
  • Cerb - Group-based e-mail management project.
  • Flyspray - Web-based bug tracking system written in PHP.
  • MantisBT - Web-based bug tracking system.
  • osTicket - Simple support ticket system.
  • OTRS - Trouble ticket system for assigning tickets to incoming queries and tracking further communications.
  • Request Tracker - Ticket-tracking system written in Perl.
  • TheBugGenie - Ticket system with extensive user rights system.

Troubleshooting

Troubleshooting tools.
  • mitmproxy - A Python tool used for intercepting, viewing and modifying network traffic. Invaluable in troubleshooting certain problems.
  • Sysdig - Capture system state and activity from a running Linux instance, then save, filter and analyze.
  • Wireshark - The world's foremost network protocol analyzer.
Troubleshooting distributions.

Project Management

Web-based project management and bug tracking systems.
  • ChiliProject - Fork of Redmine.
  • GitBucket Clone of GitHub written in Scala; single jar install.
  • GitLab - Clone of GitHub written in Ruby.
  • Gogs - Self-hosted Git service written in Go.
  • OpenProject - Project collaboration with open source.
  • Phabricator Written in PHP.
  • Redmine - Written in ruby on rails.
  • Taiga - Agile, Free, Open Source Project Management Tool based on the Kanban and Scrum methods.
  • The Bug Genie - Written in PHP.
  • Trac - Written in python.

Version control

Software versioning and revision control.
  • Fossil - Distributed version control with built-in wiki and bug tracking.
  • Git - Distributed revision control and source code management (SCM) with an emphasis on speed.
  • GNU Bazaar - Distributed revision control system sponsored by Canonical.
  • Mercurial - Another distributed revision control.
  • Subversion - Client-server revision control system.

Virtualization

Virtualization software.
  • Archipel - XMPP based virtualization management platform.
  • Ganeti - Cluster virtual server management software tool built on top of KVM and Xen.
  • KVM - Linux kernel virtualization infrastructure.
  • OpenNebula - Flexible enterprise cloud made simple.
  • oVirt - Manages virtual machines, storage and virtual networks.
  • Packer - A tool for creating identical machine images for multiple platforms from a single source configuration.
  • Proxmox VE - Complete open source virtualization management solution.
  • QEMU - QEMU is a generic and open source machine emulator and virtualizer.
  • Vagrant - Tool for building complete development environments.
  • VirtualBox - Virtualization product from Oracle Corporation.
  • Xen - Virtual machine monitor for 32/64 bit Intel / AMD (IA 64) and PowerPC 970 architectures.

VPN

VPN software.
  • OpenVPN - Uses a custom security protocol that utilizes SSL/TLS for key exchange.
  • Pritunl - OpenVPN based solution. Easy to set up.
  • SoftEther - Multi-protocol software VPN with advanced features
  • sshuttle - Poor man's VPN.
  • strongSwan - Complete IPsec implementation for Linux.
  • tinc - Distributed p2p VPN.

Web

Web servers.
  • Apache - Most popular web server.
  • Cherokee - Lightweight, high-performance web server/reverse proxy.
  • Lighttpd - Web server more optimized for speed-critical environments.
  • Nginx - Reverse proxy, load balancer, HTTP cache, and web server.
  • uWSGI - The uWSGI project aims at developing a full stack for building hosting services.
Web Performance.
  • HAProxy - Software based load Balancing, SSL offloading and performance optimization, compression, and general web routing.
  • Squid - Caching proxy for the web supporting HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, and more.
  • Varnish - HTTP based web application accelerator focusing on optimizing caching and compression.

Webmails

Webmail applications.
  • Mailpile - A modern, fast web-mail client with user-friendly encryption and privacy features.
  • Roundcube - Browser-based IMAP client with an application-like user interface.
  • SquirrelMail - Another browser-based IMAP client.

Wikis

Wiki software.
  • DokuWiki - Simple to use and highly versatile wiki that doesn't require a database.
  • Gollum - A simple, Git-powered wiki with a sweet API and local frontend.
  • ikiwiki - A wiki compiler.
  • MDwiki - Wiki completely built in HTML5/Javascript and runs 100% on the client.
  • Mediawiki - Used to power Wikipedia.
  • MoinMoin - An advanced, easy to use and extensible WikiEngine with a large community of users.
  • Ōlelo Wiki - A a wiki that stores pages in a Git repository.
  • TiddlyWiki - Complete interactive wiki in JavaScript.

Resources

Various resources, such as books, websites and articles, for improving your skills and knowledge.

Blogs

Books

Sysadmin related books.

Newsletters

  • Servers for Hackers - Newsletter for programmers who find themselves needing to know their way around a server.

Repositories

Debian-based distributions.
  • Dotdeb - Repository with LAMP updated packages for Debian.
RPM-based distributions.
  • ElRepo - Community Repo for Enterprise Linux (RHEL, CentOS, etc).
  • EPEL - Repository for RHEL and compatibles (CentOS, Scientific Linux).
  • Remi - Repository with LAMP updated packages for RHEL/Centos/Fedora.
  • Software Collections - Community Release of Red Hat Software Collections. Provides updated packages of Ruby, Python, etc. for CentOS/Scientific Linux 6.x.

Websites

Useful sysadmin related websites.
  • Ops School - Comprehensive program that will help you learn to be an operations engineer.
  • Digital Ocean Tutorials - A surprisingly vast resource for getting the basics of certain applications, tools, or even systems administration topics。
from https://github.com/kahun/awesome-sysadmin