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Sunday, 17 July 2016


A list of everything that could go in the <head> of your document.

Table of Contents

Recommended Minimum

Below are the essential tags for basic, minimalist websites:
<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
<!-- The above 3 meta tags *must* come first in the head; any other head content must come *after* these tags -->
<title>Page Title</title>


<!-- Document Title -->
<title>Page Title</title>

<!-- Base URL to use for all relative URLs contained within the document -->
<base href="">

<!-- External CSS -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">

<!-- In-document CSS -->
  /* ... */

<!-- JavaScript -->
<script src="script.js"></script>
<noscript><!--no JS alternative--></noscript>


<meta charset="utf-8">
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1, shrink-to-fit=no">
<!-- The above 3 meta tags *must* come first in the head; any other head content must come *after* these tags -->

<!-- Allows control over where resources are loaded from -->
<meta http-equiv="Content-Security-Policy" content="default-src 'self'">
<!-- Place as early in the document as possible -->
<!-- Only applies to content below this tag -->

<!-- Name of web application (only should be used if the website is used as an app) -->
<meta name="application-name" content="Application Name">

<!-- Short description of the page (limit to 150 characters) -->
<!-- In *some* situations this description is used as a part of the snippet shown in the search results. -->
<meta name="description" content="A description of the page">

<!-- Control the behavior of search engine crawling and indexing -->
<meta name="robots" content="index,follow,noodp"><!-- All Search Engines -->
<meta name="googlebot" content="index,follow"><!-- Google Specific -->

<!-- Tells Google not to show the sitelinks search box -->
<meta name="google" content="nositelinkssearchbox">

<!-- Tells Google not to provide a translation for this page -->
<meta name="google" content="notranslate">

<!-- Verify ownership for Google Search Console -->
<meta name="google-site-verification" content="verification_token">

<!-- Used to name software used to build the website (i.e. - Wordpress, Dreamweaver) -->
<meta name="generator" content="program">

<!-- Short description of your site's subject -->
<meta name="subject" content="your website's subject">

<!-- Very short (10 words or less) description. Primarily for academic papers -->
<meta name="abstract" content="">

<!-- Full domain name or web address -->
<meta name="url" content="">

<meta name="directory" content="submission">

<!-- Gives a general age rating based on sites content -->
<meta name="rating" content="General">

<!-- Allows control over how referrer information is passed -->
<meta name="referrer" content="never">

<!-- Disable automatic detection and formatting of possible phone numbers -->
<meta name="format-detection" content="telephone=no">

<!-- Completely opt out of DNS prefetching by setting to 'off' -->
<meta http-equiv="x-dns-prefetch-control" content="off">

<!-- Stores cookie on the client web browser for client identification -->
<meta http-equiv='set-cookie' content='name=value; expires=date; path=url'>

<!-- Specifies the page to appear in a specific frame -->
<meta http-equiv="Window-Target" content="_value">

<!-- Geo tags -->
<meta name="ICBM" content="latitude, longitude">
<meta name="geo.position" content="latitude;longitude">
<meta name="geo.region" content="country[-state]"><!-- Country code (ISO 3166-1): mandatory, state code (ISO 3166-2): optional; eg. content="US" / content="US-NY" -->
<meta name="geo.placename" content="city/town"><!-- eg. content="New York City" -->

Meta: Not Recommended

Below are the meta attributes which are not recommended for use as they had low adoption rate, or have been deprecated:
<!-- Used to declare the document language, but not well supported. Better to use <html lang=""> -->
<meta name="language" content="en">

<!-- Google disregards & Bing considers it an indicator of spam -->
<meta name="keywords" content="your,keywords,here,comma,separated,no,spaces">
<!-- No evidence of current use in any search engines -->
<meta name="revised" content="Sunday, July 18th, 2010, 5:15 pm">

<!-- Provides an easy way for spam bots to harvest email addresses -->
<meta name="reply-to" content="">

<!-- Better to use <link rel="author"> or humans.txt file -->
<meta name="author" content="name,">
<meta name="designer" content="">
<meta name="owner" content="">

<!-- Tells search bots to revisit the page after a period. This is not supported because most Search Engines now use random intervals for re-crawling a webpage -->
<meta name="revisit-after" content="7 days">

<!-- Sends user to a new URL after a certain amount of time -->
<!-- The W3C recommends that this tag not be used. Google recommends using a server-side 301 redirect instead. -->
<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="300; url=">

<!-- Describes the topic of the website -->
<meta name="topic" content="">

<!-- Brief summary of the company or purpose of the website -->
<meta name="summary" content="">

<!-- A deprecated tag that does the same as the keywords meta tag -->
<meta name="classification" content="business">

<!-- Does the same as URL, older and not supported -->
<meta name="identifier-URL" content="">

<!-- Similar function to the keywords tag -->
<meta name="category" content="">

<!-- Makes sure your website shows up in all countries and languages -->
<meta name="coverage" content="Worldwide">

<!-- Does the same as the coverage tag -->
<meta name="distribution" content="Global">

<!-- Controls what user can access on the internet -->
<meta http-equiv="Pics-label" content="value"> 

<!-- Cache Control -->
<!-- Better to configure cache control server side -->
<meta http-equiv="Expires" content="0">
<meta http-equiv="Pragma" content="no-cache">
<meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-cache">


<!-- Helps prevent duplicate content issues -->
<link rel="canonical" href="">

<!-- Used to be included before the icon link, but is deprecated and no longer is used -->
<link rel="shortlink" href="">

<!-- Links to an AMP HTML version of the current document -->
<link rel="amphtml" href="">

<!-- Points to a CSS stylesheet -->
<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

<!-- Links to a JSON file that specifies "installation" credentials for web applications -->
<link rel="manifest" href="manifest.json">

<!-- Links to the author of the document -->
<link rel="author" href="humans.txt">

<!-- Refers to a copyright statement that applies to the links context -->
<link rel="copyright" href="copyright.html">

<!-- Gives a reference to a location in your document that may be in another language -->
<link rel="alternate" href="" hreflang="es">

<!-- Gives information about an author or another person -->
<link rel="me" href="" type="text/html">
<link rel="me" href="">
<link rel="me" href="sms:+15035550125">

<!-- Links to a document that contains an archive link to the current document -->
<link rel="archives" href="" title="May 2003">

<!-- Links to top level resource in an hierarchical structure -->
<link rel="index" href="" title="DeWitt Clinton">

<!-- Gives the starting point of the document -->
<link rel="start" href="" title="Pattern Recognition 1">

<!-- Leads to the preceding resource of the sequence the current document is in -->
<link rel="prev" href="" title="OpenSearch and OpenID? A sure way to get my attention.">

<!-- Gives a self reference - useful when the document has multiple possible references -->
<link rel="self" type="application/atom+xml" href="">

<!-- The first, next, previous, and last documents in a series of documents, respectively -->
<link rel="first" href="">
<link rel="next" href="">
<link rel="previous" href="">
<link rel="last" href="">

<!-- Used when using a 3rd party service to maintain a blog -->
<link rel="EditURI" href="" type="application/rsd+xml" title="RSD">

<!-- Forms an automated comment when another wordpress blog links to your wordpress blog or post -->
<link rel="pingback" href="">

<!-- Notifies a url when you link to it on your site -->
<link rel="webmention" href="">

<!-- Loads in an external HTML file into the current HTML file -->
<link rel="import" href="component.html">

<!-- Open Search -->
<link rel="search" href="/open-search.xml" type="application/opensearchdescription+xml" title="Search Title">

<!-- Feeds -->
<link rel="alternate" href="" type="application/rss+xml" title="RSS">
<link rel="alternate" href="" type="application/atom+xml" title="Atom 0.3">

<!-- Prefetching, preloading, prebrowsing -->
<link rel="dns-prefetch" href="//">
<link rel="preconnect" href="">
<link rel="prefetch" href="">
<link rel="prerender" href="">
<link rel="subresource" href="styles.css">
<link rel="preload" href="image.png">
<!-- More info: -->

Link: Not Recommended

Below are the link relations which are not recommended for use:
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="path/to/favicon.ico">