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Monday, 1 August 2016

Awesome Python

A curated list of awesome Python frameworks, libraries, software and resources 


Inspired by awesome-php.

Environment Management

Libraries for Python version and environment management.
  • p - Dead simple interactive Python version management.
  • pyenv - Simple Python version management.
  • venv - (Python standard library in Python 3.3+) Creating lightweight virtual environments.
  • virtualenv - A tool to create isolated Python environments.
  • virtualenvwrapper - A set of extensions to virtualenv.

Package Management

Libraries for package and dependency management.
  • pip - The Python package and dependency manager.
  • pip-tools - A set of tools to keep your pinned Python dependencies fresh.
  • conda - Cross-platform, Python-agnostic binary package manager.
  • Curdling - Curdling is a command line tool for managing Python packages.
  • wheel - The new standard of Python distribution and are intended to replace eggs.

Package Repositories

Local PyPI repository server and proxies.
  • warehouse - Next generation Python Package Repository (PyPI).
  • bandersnatch - PyPI mirroring tool provided by Python Packaging Authority (PyPA).
  • devpi - PyPI server and packaging/testing/release tool.
  • localshop - Local PyPI server (custom packages and auto-mirroring of pypi).


Libraries to create packaged executables for release distribution.
  • PyInstaller - Converts Python programs into stand-alone executables (cross-platform).
  • dh-virtualenv - Build and distribute a virtualenv as a Debian package.
  • Nuitka - Compile scripts, modules, packages to an executable or extension module.
  • py2app - Freezes Python scripts (Mac OS X).
  • py2exe - Freezes Python scripts (Windows).
  • pynsist - A tool to build Windows installers, installers bundle Python itself.

Build Tools

Compile software from source code.
  • buildout - A build system for creating, assembling and deploying applications from multiple parts.
  • BitBake - A make-like build tool for embedded Linux.
  • PlatformIO - A console tool to build code with different development platforms.
  • PyBuilder - A continuous build tool written in pure Python.
  • SCons - A software construction tool.

Interactive Interpreter

Interactive Python interpreters (REPL).


Libraries for file manipulation and MIME type detection.
  • imghdr - (Python standard library) Determine the type of an image.
  • mimetypes - (Python standard library) Map filenames to MIME types.
  • - A module wrapper for os.path.
  • pathlib - (Python standard library in Python 3.4+) An cross-platform, object-oriented path library.
  • python-magic - A Python interface to the libmagic file type identification library.
  • Unipath - An object-oriented approach to file/directory operations.
  • watchdog - API and shell utilities to monitor file system events.

Date and Time

Libraries for working with dates and times.
  • arrow - Better dates & times for Python.
  • Chronyk - A Python 3 library for parsing human-written times and dates.
  • dateutil - Extensions to the standard Python datetime module.
  • delorean - A library for clearing up the inconvenient truths that arise dealing with datetimes.
  • moment - A Python library for dealing with dates/times. Inspired by Moment.js.
  • PyTime - A easy-use Python module which aims to operate date/time/datetime by string.
  • pytz - World timezone definitions, modern and historical. Brings the tz database into Python.
  • - Providing user-friendly functions to help perform common date and time actions.

Text Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating plain texts.
  • General
    • chardet - Python 2/3 compatible character encoding detector.
    • difflib - (Python standard library) Helpers for computing deltas.
    • ftfy - Makes Unicode text less broken and more consistent automagically.
    • fuzzywuzzy - Fuzzy String Matching.
    • Levenshtein - Fast computation of Levenshtein distance and string similarity.
    • - Spacing texts for CJK and alphanumerics.
    • pyfiglet - An implementation of figlet written in Python.
    • shortuuid - A generator library for concise, unambiguous and URL-safe UUIDs.
    • unidecode - ASCII transliterations of Unicode text.
    • uniout - Print readable chars instead of the escaped string.
    • xpinyin - A library to translate Chinese hanzi (漢字) to pinyin (拼音).
  • Slugify
    • awesome-slugify - A Python slugify library that can preserve unicode.
    • python-slugify - A Python slugify library that translates unicode to ASCII.
    • unicode-slugify - A slugifier that generates unicode slugs with Django as a dependency.
  • Parser
    • phonenumbers - Parsing, formatting, storing and validating international phone numbers.
    • PLY - Implementation of lex and yacc parsing tools for Python
    • Pygments - A generic syntax highlighter.
    • pyparsing - A general purpose framework for generating parsers.
    • python-nameparser - Parsing human names into their individual components.
    • python-user-agents - Browser user agent parser.
    • sqlparse - A non-validating SQL parser.

Specific Formats Processing

Libraries for parsing and manipulating specific text formats.
  • General
    • tablib - A module for Tabular Datasets in XLS, CSV, JSON, YAML.
  • Office
    • Marmir - Takes Python data structures and turns them into spreadsheets.
    • openpyxl - A library for reading and writing Excel 2010 xlsx/xlsm/xltx/xltm files.
    • pyexcel - Providing one API for reading, manipulating and writing csv, ods, xls, xlsx and xlsm files.
    • python-docx - Reads, queries and modifies Microsoft Word 2007/2008 docx files.
    • relatorio - Templating OpenDocument files.
    • unoconv - Convert between any document format supported by LibreOffice/OpenOffice.
    • XlsxWriter - A Python module for creating Excel .xlsx files.
    • xlwings - A BSD-licensed library that makes it easy to call Python from Excel and vice versa.
    • xlwt / xlrd - Writing and reading data and formatting information from Excel files.
  • PDF
    • PDFMiner - A tool for extracting information from PDF documents.
    • PyPDF2 - A library capable of splitting, merging and transforming PDF pages.
    • ReportLab - Allowing Rapid creation of rich PDF documents.
  • Markdown
    • Mistune - Fastest and full featured pure Python parsers of Markdown.
    • Python-Markdown - A Python implementation of John Gruber’s Markdown.
  • YAML
    • PyYAML - YAML implementations for Python.
  • CSV
    • csvkit - Utilities for converting to and working with CSV.
  • Archive
    • unp - A command line tool that can unpack archives easily.

Natural Language Processing

Libraries for working with human languages.
  • NLTK - A leading platform for building Python programs to work with human language data.
  • Pattern - A web mining module for the Python.
  • Jieba - Chinese text segmentation.
  • SnowNLP - A library for processing Chinese text.
  • spaCy - A library for industrial-strength natural language processing in Python and Cython.
  • TextBlob - Providing a consistent API for diving into common NLP tasks.
  • TextGrocery - A simple, efficient short-text classification tool based on LibLinear and Jieba.
  • - Stand-alone language identification system.


Libraries for generating project documentation.
  • Sphinx - Python Documentation generator.
  • MkDocs - Markdown friendly documentation generator.
  • pdoc - Epydoc replacement to auto generate API documentation for Python libraries.
  • Pycco - The literate-programming-style documentation generator.


Libraries for storing and parsing configuration options.
  • config - Hierarchical config from the author of logging.
  • ConfigObj - INI file parser with validation.
  • ConfigParser - (Python standard library) INI file parser.
  • profig - Config from multiple formats with value conversion.
  • python-decouple - Strict separation of settings from code.

Command-line Tools

Libraries for building command-line application.
  • Command-line Application Development
    • asciimatics - Cross-platform, full-screen terminal package (i.e. mouse/keyboard input and coloured, positioned text output) complete with high-level API for complex animations and special effects.
    • cement - CLI Application Framework for Python.
    • click - A package for creating beautiful command line interfaces in a composable way.
    • cliff - A framework for creating command-line programs with multi-level commands.
    • clint - Python Command-line Application Tools.
    • colorama - Cross-platform colored terminal text.
    • docopt - Pythonic command line arguments parser.
    • Gooey - Turn command line programs into a full GUI application with one line
    • python-prompt-toolkit - A Library for building powerful interactive command lines.
  • Productivity Tools
    • aws-cli - A universal command-line interface for Amazon Web Services.
    • bashplotlib - Making basic plots in the terminal.
    • caniusepython3 - Determine what projects are blocking you from porting to Python 3.
    • cookiecutter - A command-line utility that creates projects from cookiecutters (project templates).
    • doitlive - A tool for live presentations in the terminal.
    • howdoi - Instant coding answers via the command line.
    • httpie - A command line HTTP client, a user-friendly cURL replacement.
    • PathPicker - Select files out of bash output.
    • percol - Adds flavor of interactive selection to the traditional pipe concept on UNIX.
    • SAWS - A Supercharged AWS CLI.
    • thefuck - Correcting your previous console command.
    • try - A dead simple CLI to try out python packages - It's never been easier.
    • mycli - A Terminal Client for MySQL with AutoCompletion and Syntax Highlighting.
    • pgcli - Postgres CLI with autocompletion and syntax highlighting.


Libraries for downloading.
  • s3cmd - A command line tool for managing Amazon S3 and CloudFront.
  • s4cmd - Super S3 command line tool, good for higher performance.
  • you-get - A YouTube/Youku/Niconico video downloader written in Python 3.
  • youtube-dl - A small command-line program to download videos from YouTube.


Libraries for manipulating images.
  • pillow - Pillow is the friendly PIL fork.
  • hmap - Image histogram remapping.
  • imgSeek - A project for searching a collection of images using visual similarity.
  • - Nudity detection.
  • pyBarcode - Create barcodes in Python without needing PIL.
  • pygram - Instagram-like image filters.
  • python-qrcode - A pure Python QR Code generator.
  • Quads - Computer art based on quadtrees.
  • scikit-image - A Python library for (scientific) image processing.
  • thumbor - A smart imaging service. It enables on-demand crop, re-sizing and flipping of images.
  • wand - Python bindings for MagickWand, C API for ImageMagick.


Libraries for Optical Character Recognition.


Libraries for manipulating audio.
  • audiolazy - Expressive Digital Signal Processing (DSP) package for Python.
  • audioread - Cross-library (GStreamer + Core Audio + MAD + FFmpeg) audio decoding.
  • beets - A music library manager and MusicBrainz tagger.
  • dejavu - Audio fingerprinting and recognition.
  • django-elastic-transcoder - Django + Amazon Elastic Transcoder.
  • eyeD3 - A tool for working with audio files, specifically MP3 files containing ID3 metadata.
  • id3reader - A Python module for reading MP3 meta data.
  • m3u8 - A module for parsing m3u8 file.
  • mutagen - A Python module to handle audio metadata.
  • pydub - Manipulate audio with a simple and easy high level interface.
  • pyechonest - Python client for the Echo Nest API.
  • talkbox - A Python library for speech/signal processing.
  • TimeSide - Open web audio processing framework.
  • tinytag - A library for reading music meta data of MP3, OGG, FLAC and Wave files.
  • mingus - An advanced music theory and notation package with MIDI file and playback support.


Libraries for manipulating video and GIFs.
  • moviepy - A module for script-based movie editing with many formats, including animated GIFs.
  • scikit-video - Video processing routines for SciPy.


Libraries for geocoding addresses and working with latitudes and longitudes.
  • GeoDjango - A world-class geographic web framework.
  • GeoIP - Python API for MaxMind GeoIP Legacy Database.
  • geojson - Python bindings and utilities for GeoJSON.
  • geopy - Python Geocoding Toolbox.
  • pygeoip - Pure Python GeoIP API.
  • django-countries - A Django app that provides country choices for use with forms, flag icons static files, and a country field for models.


Libraries for working with HTTP.
  • requests - HTTP Requests for Humans™.
  • grequests - requests + gevent for asynchronous HTTP requests.
  • httplib2 - Comprehensive HTTP client library.
  • treq - Python requests like API built on top of Twisted's HTTP client.
  • urllib3 - A HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling, file post support, sanity friendly.


Databases implemented in Python.
  • pickleDB - A simple and lightweight key-value store for Python.
  • PipelineDB - The Streaming SQL Database.
  • TinyDB - A tiny, document-oriented database.
  • ZODB - A native object database for Python. A key-value and object graph database.

Database Drivers

Libraries for connecting and operating databases.
  • MySQL - awesome-mysql
    • mysql-python - The MySQL database connector for Python.
    • mysqlclient - mysql-python fork supporting Python 3.
    • oursql - A better MySQL connector with support for native prepared statements and BLOBs.
    • PyMySQL - Pure Python MySQL driver compatible to mysql-python.
  • PostgreSQL
    • psycopg2 - The most popular PostgreSQL adapter for Python.
    • queries - A wrapper of the psycopg2 library for interacting with PostgreSQL.
    • txpostgres - Twisted based asynchronous driver for PostgreSQL.
  • Other Relational Databases
    • apsw - Another Python SQLite wrapper.
    • dataset - Store Python dicts in a database - works with SQLite, MySQL, and PostgreSQL.
    • pymssql - A simple database interface to Microsoft SQL Server.
  • NoSQL Databases
    • cassandra-python-driver - Python driver for Cassandra.
    • HappyBase - A developer-friendly library for Apache HBase.
    • Plyvel - A fast and feature-rich Python interface to LevelDB.
    • py2neo - Python wrapper client for Neo4j's restful interface.
    • pycassa - Python Thrift driver for Cassandra.
    • PyMongo - The official Python client for MongoDB.
    • redis-py - The Redis Python Client.
    • telephus - Twisted based client for Cassandra.
    • txRedis - Twisted based client for Redis.


Libraries that implement Object-Relational Mapping or data mapping techniques.

Web Frameworks

Full stack web frameworks.
  • Django - The most popular web framework in Python.
  • Flask - A microframework for Python.
  • Pyramid - A small, fast, down-to-earth, open source Python web framework.
  • Bottle - A fast, simple and lightweight WSGI micro web-framework.
  • CherryPy - A minimalist Python web framework, HTTP/1.1-compliant and WSGI thread-pooled.
  • TurboGears - A microframework that can scale up to a full stack solution.
  • - A web framework for Python that is as simple as it is powerful.
  • web2py - A full stack web framework and platform focused in the ease of use.
  • Tornado - A Web framework and asynchronous networking library.

Serverless Frameworks

Frameworks for developing serverless Python code.
  • apex - Build, deploy, and manage AWS Lambda functions with ease.
  • Zappa - A tool for deploying WSGI applications on AWS Lambda and API Gateway.
  • python-lambda - A toolkit for developing and deploying Python code in AWS Lambda.


Libraries that allow or deny users access to data or functionality.
  • Carteblanche - Module to align code with thoughts of users and designers. Also magically handles navigation and permissions.
  • django-guardian - Implementation of per object permissions for Django 1.2+
  • django-rules - A tiny but powerful app providing object-level permissions to Django, without requiring a database.


Content Management Systems.
  • django-cms - An Open source enterprise CMS based on the Django.
  • djedi-cms - A lightweight but yet powerful Django CMS with plugins, inline editing and performance in mind.
  • FeinCMS - One of the most advanced Content Management Systems built on Django.
  • Kotti - A high-level, Pythonic web application framework built on Pyramid.
  • Mezzanine - A powerful, consistent, and flexible content management platform.
  • Opps - A Django-based CMS for magazines, newspapers websites and portals with high-traffic.
  • Plone - A CMS built on top of the open source application server Zope.
  • Quokka - Flexible, extensible, small CMS powered by Flask and MongoDB.
  • Wagtail - A Django content management system.
  • Widgy - Last CMS framework, based on Django.


Frameworks and libraries for e-commerce and payments.
  • django-oscar - An open-source e-commerce framework for Django.
  • django-shop - A Django based shop system.
  • Cartridge - A shopping cart app built using the Mezzanine.
  • shoop - An open source E-Commerce platform based on Django.
  • alipay - Unofficial Alipay API for Python.
  • merchant - A Django app to accept payments from various payment processors.
  • money - Money class with optional CLDR-backed locale-aware formatting and an extensible currency exchange solution.
  • python-currencies - Display money format and its filthy currencies.


Libraries for developing RESTful APIs.
  • Django
  • Flask
    • flask-api - Browsable Web APIs for Flask.
    • flask-restful - Quickly building REST APIs for Flask.
    • flask-restless - Generating RESTful APIs for database models defined with SQLAlchemy.
    • flask-api-utils - Taking care of API representation and authentication for Flask.
    • eve - REST API framework powered by Flask, MongoDB and good intentions.
  • Pyramid
    • cornice - A RESTful framework for Pyramid.
  • Framework agnostic
    • falcon - A high-performance framework for building cloud APIs and web app backends.
    • hug - A Python3 framework for cleanly exposing APIs over HTTP and the Command Line with automatic documentation and validation.
    • sandman - Automated REST APIs for existing database-driven systems.
    • restless - Framework agnostic REST framework based on lessons learned from Tastypie.
    • ripozo - Quickly creating REST/HATEOAS/Hypermedia APIs.


Libraries for serializing complex data types
  • marshmallow - marshmallow is an ORM/ODM/framework-agnostic library for converting complex datatypes, such as objects, to and from native Python datatypes.


Libraries for implementing authentications schemes.
  • OAuth
    • Authomatic - Simple but powerful framework agnostic authentication/authorization client.
    • django-allauth - Authentication app for Django that "just works."
    • django-oauth-toolkit - OAuth2 goodies for the Djangonauts.
    • django-oauth2-provider - Providing OAuth2 access to Django app.
    • Flask-OAuthlib - OAuth 1.0/a, 2.0 implementation of client and provider for Flask.
    • OAuthLib - A generic and thorough implementation of the OAuth request-signing logic.
    • python-oauth2 - A fully tested, abstract interface to creating OAuth clients and servers.
    • python-social-auth - An easy-to-setup social authentication mechanism.
    • rauth - A Python library for OAuth 1.0/a, 2.0, and Ofly.
    • sanction - A dead simple OAuth2 client implementation.
  • Others
    • jose - JavaScript Object Signing and Encryption draft implementation.
    • PyJWT - Implementation of the JSON Web Token draft 01.
    • python-jws - Implementation of JSON Web Signatures draft 02.
    • python-jwt - Module for generating and verifying JSON Web Tokens.

Template Engine

Libraries and tools for templating and lexing.
  • Jinja2 - A modern and designer friendly templating language.
  • Genshi - Python templating toolkit for generation of web-aware output.
  • Mako - Hyperfast and lightweight templating for the Python platform.


Libraries for working with event and task queues.
  • celery - An asynchronous task queue/job queue based on distributed message passing.
  • huey - Little multi-threaded task queue.
  • mrq - Mr. Queue - A distributed worker task queue in Python using Redis & gevent.
  • rq - Simple job queues for Python.
  • simpleq - A simple, infinitely scalable, Amazon SQS based queue.


Libraries and software for indexing and performing search queries on data.

News Feed

Libraries for building user's activities.

Asset Management

Tools for managing, compressing and minifying website assets.
  • django-compressor - Compresses linked and inline JavaScript or CSS into a single cached file.
  • django-pipeline - An asset packaging library for Django.
  • django-storages - A collection of custom storage back ends for Django.
  • fanstatic - Packages, optimizes, and serves static file dependencies as Python packages.
  • fileconveyor - A daemon to detect and sync files to CDNs, S3 and FTP.
  • flask-assets - Helps you integrate webassets into your Flask app.
  • jinja-assets-compressor - A Jinja extension to compile and compress your assets.
  • webassets - Bundles, optimizes, and manages unique cache-busting URLs for static resources.


Libraries for caching data.
  • Beaker - A library for caching and sessions for use with web applications and stand-alone Python scripts and applications.
  • django-cache-machine - Automatic caching and invalidation for Django models.
  • django-cacheops - A slick ORM cache with automatic granular event-driven invalidation.
  • django-viewlet - Render template parts with extended cache control.
  • dogpile.cache - dogpile.cache is next generation replacement for Beaker made by same authors.
  • HermesCache - Python caching library with tag-based invalidation and dogpile effect prevention.
  • johnny-cache - A caching framework for django applications.
  • pylibmc - A Python wrapper around the libmemcached interface.
  • DiskCache - SQLite and file backed cache backend with faster lookups than memcached and redis.


Libraries for sending and parsing email.
  • envelopes - Mailing for human beings.
  • flanker - A email address and Mime parsing library.
  • imbox - Python IMAP for Humans.
  • - Python SMTP Server for Humans.
  • lamson - Pythonic SMTP Application Server.
  • Marrow Mailer - High-performance extensible mail delivery framework.
  • modoboa - A mail hosting and management platform including a modern and simplified Web UI.
  • Nylas Sync Engine - Providing a RESTful API on top of a powerful email sync platform.
  • yagmail - Yet another Gmail/SMTP client.


Libraries for working with i18n.
  • Babel - An internationalization library for Python.
  • PyICU - A wrapper of International Components for Unicode C++ library (ICU).

URL Manipulation

Libraries for parsing URLs.
  • furl - A small Python library that makes manipulating URLs simple.
  • purl - A simple, immutable URL class with a clean API for interrogation and manipulation.
  • pyshorteners - A pure Python URL shortening lib.
  • short_url - Python implementation for generating Tiny URL and URLs.
  • webargs - A friendly library for parsing HTTP request arguments, with built-in support for popular web frameworks, including Flask, Django, Bottle, Tornado, and Pyramid.

HTML Manipulation

Libraries for working with HTML and XML.
  • BeautifulSoup - Providing Pythonic idioms for iterating, searching, and modifying HTML or XML.
  • bleach - A whitelist-based HTML sanitization and text linkification library.
  • cssutils - A CSS library for Python.
  • html5lib - A standards-compliant library for parsing and serializing HTML documents and fragments.
  • lxml - A very fast, easy-to-use and versatile library for handling HTML and XML.
  • MarkupSafe - Implements a XML/HTML/XHTML Markup safe string for Python.
  • pyquery - A jQuery-like library for parsing HTML.
  • untangle - Converts XML documents to Python objects for easy access.
  • xhtml2pdf - HTML/CSS to PDF converter.
  • xmldataset - Simple XML Parsing.
  • xmltodict - Working with XML feel like you are working with JSON.

Web Crawling

Libraries for scraping websites.
  • Scrapy - A fast high-level screen scraping and web crawling framework.
  • cola - A distributed crawling framework.
  • Demiurge - PyQuery-based scraping micro-framework.
  • feedparser - Universal feed parser.
  • Grab - Site scraping framework.
  • MechanicalSoup - A Python library for automating interaction with websites.
  • portia - Visual scraping for Scrapy.
  • pyspider - A powerful spider system.
  • RoboBrowser - A simple, Pythonic library for browsing the web without a standalone web browser.

Web Content Extracting

Libraries for extracting web contents.
  • Haul - An Extensible Image Crawler.
  • html2text - Convert HTML to Markdown-formatted text.
  • lassie - Web Content Retrieval for Humans.
  • micawber - A small library for extracting rich content from URLs.
  • newspaper - News extraction, article extraction and content curation in Python.
  • opengraph - A Python module to parse the Open Graph Protocol
  • python-goose - HTML Content/Article Extractor.
  • python-readability - Fast Python port of arc90's readability tool.
  • sanitize - Bringing sanity to world of messed-up data.
  • sumy - A module for automatic summarization of text documents and HTML pages.
  • textract - Extract text from any document, Word, PowerPoint, PDFs, etc.


Libraries for working with forms.
  • Deform - Python HTML form generation library influenced by the formish form generation library.
  • django-bootstrap3 - Bootstrap 3 integration with Django.
  • django-crispy-forms - A Django app which lets you create beautiful forms in a very elegant and DRY way.
  • django-remote-forms - A platform independent Django form serializer.
  • WTForms - A flexible forms validation and rendering library.

Data Validation

Libraries for validating data. Used for forms in many cases.
  • Schematics - Data Structure Validation.
  • schema - A library for validating Python data structures.
  • jsonschema - An implementation of JSON Schema for Python.
  • Cerberus - A lightweight and extensible data validation library.
  • colander - Validating and deserializing data obtained via XML, JSON, an HTML form post.
  • voluptuous - A Python data validation library.
  • valideer - Lightweight extensible data validation and adaptation library.


Libraries for fighting spam.


Libraries for tagging items.

Admin Panels

Libraries for administrative interfaces.
  • Ajenti - The admin panel your servers deserve.
  • django-suit - Alternative Django Admin-Interface (free only for Non-commercial use).
  • django-xadmin - Drop-in replacement of Django admin comes with lots of goodies.
  • flask-admin - Simple and extensible administrative interface framework for Flask.
  • flower - Real-time monitor and web admin for Celery.
  • Grappelli – A jazzy skin for the Django Admin-Interface.
  • Wooey - A Django app which creates automatic web UIs for Python scripts.

Static Site Generator

Static site generator is a software that takes some text + templates as input and produces HTML files on the output.
  • Pelican - Uses Markdown or ReST for content and Jinja 2 for themes. Supports DVCS, Disqus. AGPL.
  • Cactus – Static site generator for designers.
  • Hyde - Jinja2-based static web site generator.
  • Nikola - A static website and blog generator.
  • Tinkerer - Tinkerer is a blogging engine/.static website generator powered by Sphinx.
  • Lektor - An easy to use static CMS and blog engine.


Libraries for starting and communicating with OS processes.
  • envoy - Python subprocess for Humans™.
  • sarge - Yet another wrapper for subprocess.
  • sh - A full-fledged subprocess replacement for Python.

Concurrency and Parallelism

Libraries for concurrent and parallel execution.
  • multiprocessing - (Python standard library) Process-based "threading" interface.
  • threading - (Python standard library) Higher-level threading interface.
  • eventlet - Asynchronous framework with WSGI support.
  • gevent - A coroutine-based Python networking library that uses greenlet.
  • Tomorrow - Magic decorator syntax for asynchronous code.


Libraries for networking programming.
  • asyncio - (Python standard library) Asynchronous I/O, event loop, coroutines and tasks.
  • Twisted - An event-driven networking engine.
  • pulsar - Event-driven concurrent framework for Python.
  • diesel - Greenlet-based event I/O Framework for Python.
  • pyzmq - A Python wrapper for the ZeroMQ message library.
  • txZMQ - Twisted based wrapper for the ZeroMQ message library.


Libraries for working with WebSocket.

WSGI Servers

WSGI-compatible web servers.
  • gunicorn - Pre-forked, partly written in C.
  • uwsgi - A project aims at developing a full stack for building hosting services, written in C.
  • bjoern - Asynchronous, very fast and written in C.
  • fapws3 - Asynchronous (network side only), written in C.
  • meinheld - Asynchronous, partly written in C.
  • netius - Asynchronous, very fast.
  • paste - Multi-threaded, stable, tried and tested.
  • rocket - Multi-threaded.
  • waitress - Multi-threaded, poweres Pyramid.
  • Werkzeug - A WSGI utility library for Python that powers Flask and can easily be embedded into your own projects.

RPC Servers

RPC-compatible servers.


  • cryptography - A package designed to expose cryptographic primitives and recipes to Python developers.
  • hashids - Implementation of hashids in Python.
  • Paramiko - A Python (2.6+, 3.3+) implementation of the SSHv2 protocol, providing both client and server functionality.
  • Passlib - Secure password storage/hashing library, very high level.
  • PyCrypto - The Python Cryptography Toolkit.
  • PyNacl - Python binding to the Networking and Cryptography (NaCl) library.


Libraries for working with graphical user interface applications.
  • curses - Built-in wrapper for ncurses used to create terminal GUI applications.
  • enaml - Creating beautiful user-interfaces with Declaratic Syntax like QML.
  • kivy - A library for creating NUI applications, running on Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Android and iOS.
  • pyglet - A cross-platform windowing and multimedia library for Python.
  • PyQt - Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework, with support for both Qt v4 and Qt v5 frameworks.
  • PySide - Python bindings for the Qt cross-platform application and UI framework, supporting the Qt v4 framework.
  • Tkinter - Tkinter is Python's de-facto standard GUI package.
  • Toga - A Python native, OS native GUI toolkit.
  • urwid - A library for creating terminal GUI applications with strong support for widgets, events, rich colors, etc.
  • wxPython - A blending of the wxWidgets C++ class library with the Python.
  • PyGObject - Python Bindings for GLib/GObject/GIO/GTK+ (GTK+3)
  • Flexx - Flexx is a pure Python toolkit for creating GUI's, that uses web technology for its rendering.

Game Development

Awesome game development libraries.
  • Cocos2d - cocos2d is a framework for building 2D games, demos, and other graphical/interactive applications. It is based on pyglet.
  • Panda3D - 3D game engine developed by Disney and maintained by Carnegie Mellon's Entertainment Technology Center. Written in C++, completely wrapped in Python.
  • Pygame - Pygame is a set of Python modules designed for writing games.
  • PyOgre - Python bindings for the Ogre 3D render engine, can be used for games, simulations, anything 3D.
  • PyOpenGL - Python ctypes bindings for OpenGL and it's related APIs.
  • PySDL2 - A ctypes based wrapper for the SDL2 library.
  • RenPy - A Visual Novel engine.


Libraries for generating and working with logs.
  • logging - (Python standard library) Logging facility for Python.
  • logbook - Logging replacement for Python.
  • Eliot - Logging for complex & distributed systems.
  • Raven - The Python client for Sentry.
  • Sentry - A realtime logging and aggregation server.


Libraries for testing codebases and generating test data.
  • Testing Frameworks
    • unittest - (Python standard library) Unit testing framework.
    • nose - A nicer unittest for Python.
    • pytest - A mature full-featured Python testing tool.
    • hypothesis - Hypothesis is an advanced Quickcheck style property based testing library.
    • mamba - The definitive testing tool for Python. Born under the banner of BDD.
    • Robot Framework - A generic test automation framework.
  • Test Runners
    • tox - Auto builds and tests distributions in multiple Python versions
    • green - A clean, colorful test runner.
  • GUI / Web Testing
    • Selenium - Python bindings for Selenium WebDriver.
    • locust - Scalable user load testing tool written in Python.
    • sixpack - A language-agnostic A/B Testing framework.
    • splinter - Open source tool for testing web applications.
    • PyAutoGUI - PyAutoGUI is a cross-platform GUI automation Python module for human beings.
  • Mock
    • mock - (Python standard library) A mocking and patching library.
    • doublex - Powerful test doubles framework for Python.
    • freezegun - Travel through time by mocking the datetime module.
    • httmock - A mocking library for requests for Python 2.6+ and 3.2+.
    • httpretty - HTTP request mock tool for Python.
    • responses - A utility library for mocking out the requests Python library.
    • - Record and replay HTTP interactions on your tests.
  • Object Factories
    • factory_boy - A test fixtures replacement for Python.
    • mixer - Another fixtures replacement. Supported Django, Flask, SQLAlchemy, Peewee and etc.
    • model_mommy - Creating random fixtures for testing in Django.
  • Code Coverage
    • coverage - Code coverage measurement.
  • Fake Data
    • faker - A Python package that generates fake data.
    • fake2db - Fake database generator.
    • radar - Generate random datetime / time.
  • Error Handler
    • - uses state-of-the-art technology to make sure your Python code runs whether it has any right to or not.

Code Analysis and Linter

Libraries and tools for analysing, parsing and manipulation codebases.
  • Code Analysis
    • code2flow - Turn your Python and JavaScript code into DOT flowcharts.
    • pycallgraph - A library that visualises the flow (call graph) of your Python application.
    • pysonar2 - A type inferencer and indexer for Python.
    • coala - Language independent and easily extendable code analysis application.
  • Linter
    • Flake8 - The modular source code checker: pep8, pyflakes and co.
    • Pylint - A Fully customizable source code analyzer.
    • pylama - Code audit tool for Python and JavaScript.

Debugging Tools

Libraries for debugging code.
  • Debugger
    • ipdb - IPython-enabled pdb.
    • pudb – A full-screen, console-based Python debugger.
    • pyringe - Debugger capable of attaching to and injecting code into Python processes.
    • wdb - An improbable web debugger through WebSockets.
    • winpdb - A Python Debugger with GUI, capable of remote debugging based on rpdb2.
    • django-debug-toolbar - Display various debug information for Django.
    • django-devserver - A drop-in replacement for Django's runserver.
    • flask-debugtoolbar - A port of the django-debug-toolbar to flask.
  • Profiler
  • Others

Science and Data Analysis

Libraries for scientific computing and data analyzing.
  • astropy - A community Python library for Astronomy.
  • bcbio-nextgen - A toolkit providing best-practice pipelines for fully automated high throughput sequencing analysis.
  • bccb - Collection of useful code related to biological analysis.
  • Biopython - Biopython is a set of freely available tools for biological computation.
  • blaze - NumPy and Pandas interface to Big Data.
  • cclib - A library for parsing and interpreting the results of computational chemistry packages.
  • NetworkX - A high-productivity software for complex networks.
  • Neupy - Running and testing different Artificial Neural Networks algorithms.
  • NIPY - A collection of neuroimaging toolkits.
  • Numba - Python JIT (just in time) complier to LLVM aimed at scientific Python by the developers of Cython and NumPy.
  • NumPy - A fundamental package for scientific computing with Python.
  • Open Babel - A chemical toolbox designed to speak the many languages of chemical data.
  • Open Mining - Business Intelligence (BI) in Python (Pandas web interface)
  • orange - Data mining, data visualization, analysis and machine learning through visual programming or Python scripting.
  • Pandas - A library providing high-performance, easy-to-use data structures and data analysis tools.
  • PyDy - Short for Python Dynamics, used to assist with workflow in the modeling of dynamic motion based around NumPy, SciPy, IPython, and matplotlib.
  • PyMC - Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling toolkit.
  • RDKit - Cheminformatics and Machine Learning Software.
  • SciPy - A Python-based ecosystem of open-source software for mathematics, science, and engineering.
  • statsmodels - Statistical modeling and econometrics in Python.
  • SymPy - A Python library for symbolic mathematics.
  • zipline - A Pythonic algorithmic trading library.

Data Visualization

Libraries for visualizing data. See: awesome-javascript.
  • matplotlib - A Python 2D plotting library.
  • bokeh - Interactive Web Plotting for Python.
  • ggplot - Same API as ggplot2 for R.
  • plotly - Collaborative web plotting for Python and matplotlib.
  • pygal - A Python SVG Charts Creator.
  • pygraphviz - Python interface to Graphviz.
  • PyQtGraph - Interactive and realtime 2D/3D/Image plotting and science/engineering widgets.
  • SnakeViz - A browser based graphical viewer for the output of Python's cProfile module.
  • vincent - A Python to Vega translator.
  • VisPy - High-performance scientific visualization based on OpenGL.

Computer Vision

Libraries for computer vision.
  • OpenCV - Open Source Computer Vision Library.
  • SimpleCV - An open source framework for building computer vision applications.

Machine Learning

Libraries for Machine Learning. See: awesome-machine-learning.
  • Crab - A flexible, fast recommender engine.
  • gensim - Topic Modelling for Humans.
  • hebel - GPU-Accelerated Deep Learning Library in Python.
  • NuPIC - Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing.
  • pattern - Web mining module for Python.
  • PyBrain - Another Python Machine Learning Library.
  • Pylearn2 - A Machine Learning library based on Theano.
  • python-recsys - A Python library for implementing a Recommender System.
  • scikit-learn - A Python module for machine learning built on top of SciPy.
  • pydeep - Deep learning in python
  • vowpal_porpoise - A lightweight Python wrapper for Vowpal Wabbit.
  • skflow - A simplified interface for TensorFlow (mimicking scikit-learn).


Frameworks and libraries for MapReduce.
  • dpark - Python clone of Spark, a MapReduce alike framework in Python.
  • dumbo - Python module that allows one to easily write and run Hadoop programs.
  • luigi - A module that helps you build complex pipelines of batch jobs.
  • mrjob - Run MapReduce jobs on Hadoop or Amazon Web Services.
  • PySpark - The Spark Python API.
  • streamparse - Run Python code against real-time streams of data. Integrates with Apache Storm.

Functional Programming

Functional Programming with Python.
  • CyToolz - Cython implementation of Toolz: High performance functional utilities.
  • - Functional programming in Python: implementation of missing features to enjoy FP.
  • funcy - A fancy and practical functional tools.
  • Toolz - A collection of functional utilities for iterators, functions, and dictionaries.

Third-party APIs

Libraries for accessing third party services APIs. See: List of Python API Wrappers and Libraries.
  • apache-libcloud - One Python library for all clouds.
  • boto - Python interface to Amazon Web Services.
  • django-wordpress - WordPress models and views for Django.
  • facebook-sdk - Facebook Platform Python SDK.
  • facepy - Facepy makes it really easy to interact with Facebook's Graph API
  • gmail - A Pythonic interface for Gmail.
  • google-api-python-client - Google APIs Client Library for Python.
  • gspread - Google Spreadsheets Python API.
  • twython - A Python wrapper for the Twitter API.

DevOps Tools

Software and libraries for DevOps.
  • Ansible - A radically simple IT automation platform.
  • SaltStack - Infrastructure automation and management system.
  • OpenStack - Open source software for building private and public clouds.
  • Docker Compose - Fast, isolated development environments using Docker.
  • Cloud-Init - A multi-distribution package that handles early initialization of a cloud instance.
  • cuisine - Chef-like functionality for Fabric.
  • Fabric - A simple, Pythonic tool for remote execution and deployment.
  • Fabtools - Tools for writing awesome Fabric files.
  • honcho - A Python clone of Foreman, for managing Procfile-based applications.
  • pexpect - Controlling interactive programs in a pseudo-terminal like GNU expect.
  • psutil - A cross-platform process and system utilities module.
  • supervisor - Supervisor process control system for UNIX.

ChatOps Tools

Libraries for chatbot development.
  • Errbot - The easiest and most popular chatbot to implement ChatOps.

Job Scheduler

Libraries for scheduling jobs.
  • APScheduler - A light but powerful in-process task scheduler that lets you schedule functions.
  • django-schedule - A calendaring app for Django.
  • doit - A task runner and build tool.
  • gunnery - Multipurpose task execution tool for distributed systems with web-based interface.
  • Joblib - A set of tools to provide lightweight pipelining in Python.
  • Plan - Writing crontab file in Python like a charm.
  • schedule - Python job scheduling for humans.
  • Spiff - A powerful workflow engine implemented in pure Python.
  • TaskFlow - A Python library that helps to make task execution easy, consistent and reliable.

Foreign Function Interface

Libraries for providing foreign function interface.
  • cffi - Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • ctypes - (Python standard library) Foreign Function Interface for Python calling C code.
  • PyCUDA - A Python wrapper for Nvidia's CUDA API.
  • SWIG - Simplified Wrapper and Interface Generator.

High Performance

Libraries for making Python faster.
  • Cython - Optimizing Static Compiler for Python. Uses type mixins to compile Python into C or C++ modules resulting in large performance gains.
  • PeachPy - x86-64 assembler embedded in Python. Can be used as inline assembler for Python or as a stand-alone assembler for Windows, Linux, OS X, Native Client and Go.
  • PyPy - An implementation of Python in Python. The interpreter uses black magic to make Python very fast without having to add in additional type information.
  • Pyston - A Python implementation built using LLVM and modern JIT techniques with the goal of achieving good performance.
  • Stackless Python - An enhanced version of the Python.

Microsoft Windows

Python programming on Microsoft Windows.
  • Python(x,y) - Scientific-applications-oriented Python Distribution based on Qt and Spyder.
  • pythonlibs - Unofficial Windows binaries for Python extension packages.
  • PythonNet - Python Integration with the .NET Common Language Runtime (CLR).
  • PyWin32 - Python Extensions for Windows.
  • WinPython - Portable development environment for Windows 7/8.

Network Virtualization and SDN

Tools and libraries for Virtual Networking and SDN (Software Defined Networking).
  • Mininet - A popular network emulator and API written in Python.
  • POX - An open source development platform for Python-based Software Defined Networking (SDN) control applications, such as OpenFlow SDN controllers.
  • Pyretic - A member of the Frenetic family of SDN programming languages that provides powerful abstractions over network switches or emulators.
  • SDX Platform - SDN based IXP implementation that leverages Mininet, POX and Pyretic.


Libraries for programming with hardware.
  • ino - Command line toolkit for working with Arduino.
  • Pyro - Python Robotics.
  • PyUserInput - A module for cross-platform control of the mouse and keyboard.
  • scapy - A brilliant packet manipulation library.
  • wifi - A Python library and command line tool for working with WiFi on Linux.
  • Pingo - Pingo provides a uniform API to program devices like the Raspberry Pi, pcDuino, Intel Galileo, etc.


Libraries for migrating from Python 2 to 3.
  • Python-Future - The missing compatibility layer between Python 2 and Python 3.
  • Python-Modernize - Modernizes Python code for eventual Python 3 migration.
  • Six - Python 2 and 3 compatibility utilities.


Useful libraries or tools that don't fit in the categories above.
  • blinker - A fast Python in-process signal/event dispatching system.
  • itsdangerous - Various helpers to pass trusted data to untrusted environments.
  • pluginbase - A simple but flexible plugin system for Python.
  • Pychievements - A framework for creating and tracking achievements.
  • Tryton - A general purpose business framework.

Algorithms and Design Patterns

Python implementation of algorithms and design patterns.
  • algorithms - A module of algorithms for Python.
  • python-patterns - A collection of design patterns in Python.
  • sortedcontainers - Fast, pure-Python implementation of SortedList, SortedDict, and SortedSet types.

Editor Plugins

Plugins for editors and IDEs.
  • Emacs
    • Elpy - Emacs Python Development Environment.
  • Sublime Text
    • SublimeJEDI - A Sublime Text plugin to the awesome auto-complete library Jedi.
    • Anaconda - Anaconda turns your Sublime Text 3 in a full featured Python development IDE.
  • Vim
    • YouCompleteMe - Includes Jedi-based completion engine for Python.
    • Jedi-vim - Vim bindings for the Jedi auto-completion library for Python.
    • Python-mode - An all in one plugin for turning Vim into a Python IDE.
  • Visual Studio
    • PTVS - Python Tools for Visual Studio.


Popular Python IDEs.
  • PyCharm - Commercial Python IDE by JetBrains. Has free community edition available.
  • LiClipse - Free polyglot IDE based on Eclipse. Uses PyDev for Python support.
  • Spyder - Open Source Python IDE.


Online tools and APIs to simplify development.

Continuous Integration

  • Travis CI - A popular CI service for your open source and private projects. (GitHub only)
  • CircleCI - A CI service that can run very fast parallel testing. (GitHub only)
  • Vexor CI - A continuous integration tool for private apps with pay-per-minute billing model.
  • Wercker - A Docker-based platform for building and deploying applications and microservices.

Code Quality

  • Codecov - Code coverage dashboard.
  • Codacy - Automated Code Review to ship better code, faster. Free for Open Source.
  • Landscape - Hosted continuous Python code metrics.
  • QuantifiedCode - A data-driven, automated, continuous code review tool.


Where to discover new Python libraries.





Other Awesome Lists

List of lists.