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Friday, 9 June 2017

secshare,在你的团队里安全的分享文件

Securely share files in your team。
This repository allows to handle and share securely sensitive data by wisely using GNU Privacy Guard (GPG). It consists of a simple directory structure and a shell script named secshare, which is a simple GPG wrapper.

Requisites

The helper script is designed to work under the following assumptions:
  1. Your team established a chain of trust:
    All members should have signed each other's public keys. If you don't know what this means, you should read some good manual on how to do it: I would personally suggest this guide.
  2. Your hard drive is encrypted:
    The helper scripts of this repository will store sensitive information as plaintext on your hard drive. This is secure only if your disk is encrypted.
  3. No revocation of granted access:
    The script knows nothing about your data, and if someone leaves the team you probably want to consider all shared secret as compromised.
  4. No fine-grained selection of access: all team has got access to all files.

Concept

Fork the repository and clone it locally.
Your sensitive data is stored in the data directory. Note that the data directory is added to the .gitignore file and must never be commited.
Files and top-level directories under data are treated as distinct sensitive items, so you can group together in the same top-level directory any tree of related data.
The secshare script encrypts each sensitive item as ascii-armored gpg-encrypted tarball. Each encrypted file is stored in the encrypted_data directory.
A file named keys will list the users which are allowed to access data. This setting is honored by the secshare script during the encryption phase.
The keys file is signed by one member of the team. This ensures the keys file to contain only authorized keys, hence avoiding an attacker to put her key among the recipients of encryption. This step is handled by secshare, and generates a detached signature file named keys.asc.
Since encrypted files cannot be read, an index file documenting the content of each of them is recommended, along with descriptive file names.
You share everything by pushing encrypted_data, keys, keys.asc and the index file (if any)

Helper script

The secshare script is a simple helper program written in Bourne Shell (sh). The following commands are supported:
  1. ./secshare init:
    Initialize the repository unless it wasn't already initialized. This simply creates the filesystem structure and initializes the keys file;
  2. ./secshare close:
    Encrypt each sensitive item (file or directory) in the data directory. Put the resulting encrypted files in the encrypted_data directory.
    Recipients are obtained by reading the keys file (see the Keys file format section for details). The ./secshare close command will fail unless the keys file can be verified against a detached signature keys.asc, and the signature was made by a trusted user.
    (A trusted user is someone whose key was signed by you or another user you trust. Again, RTFM!).
  3. ./secshare sign:
    Sign the keys file with a detached signature. This is a required step in order for you and other team members to ./secshare close successfully. One should never sign blindly the keys file!
  4. ./secshare open:
    Open one or more files contained in encrypted_data.
    Files cannot be opened unless they were encrypted with the user's public key (via ./secshare close).
    A pattern can be specified to ask for one or more files to be decrypted. If not specified, the script will try to decrypt all encrypted files.

File format of the keys file:

This file contains references to all keys which will be used as recipients. Each line starting with the pub: prefix should identify a public key.
What follows the pub: prefix will be cut of white-space characters and used as parameter for --recipient in GPG. In other words the short id of the key or an email address will work fine, but the full key fingerprint is recommended.
Besides the pub: lines, this file can contain arbitrary text, which will be ignored by the secshare script. This "feature" can be used to put useful comments, as the name of the key owner.
If no key is provided in the keys file GPG will not be provided with --recipient directives, and you will be interactively asked to provide a recipient.

from https://github.com/dacav/secshare

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