Writing to this will cause the kernel to drop clean caches, dentries and inodes from memory, causing that memory to become free. To free pagecache: * echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches To free dentries and inodes: * echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches To free pagecache, dentries and inodes: * echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches As this is a non-destructive operation, and dirty objects are notfreeable, the user should run "sync" first in order to make sure allcached objects are freed. This tunable was added in 2.6.16.
$sync $sudo sysctl -w vm.drop_caches=3 $sudo sysctl -w vm.drop_caches=0 #recovery drop_caches
3. 修改/proc/sys/vm/vfs_cache_pressure，调整清理inode/dentry caches的优先级（默认为100），LinuxInsight中有相关的解释：
At the default value of vfs_cache_pressure = 100 the kernel will attempt to reclaim dentries and inodes at a “fair” rate with respect to pagecache and swapcache reclaim. Decreasing vfs_cache_pressure causes the kernel to prefer to retain dentry and inode caches. Increasing vfs_cache_pressure beyond 100 causes the kernel to prefer to reclaim dentries and inodes.